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OBJECTIVES This study was designed to investigate whether nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide 3-phosphate (reduced form) (NADPH) oxidase is expressed in the human heart and whether it contributes to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in heart failure. BACKGROUND A phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase complex is a major source of ROS in the vasculature and is(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is promoted by adrenergic overactivation and can progress to heart failure, a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Although cAMP is among the most well-known signaling molecules produced by beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation, its mechanism of action in cardiac hypertrophy is not fully understood. The identification of Epac (exchange(More)
RATIONALE Multiple cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) degrade cAMP in cardiomyocytes but the role of PDEs in controlling cAMP signaling during pathological cardiac hypertrophy is poorly defined. OBJECTIVE Evaluate the beta-adrenergic regulation of cardiac contractility and characterize the changes in cardiomyocyte cAMP signals and cAMP-PDE(More)
OBJECTIVE Caveolins, the structural proteins of caveolae, modulate numerous signaling pathways including Nitric Oxide (NO) production. Among the caveolin family, caveolin-1 and -3 are mainly expressed in endothelial and muscle cells, respectively. In this study, we investigate whether (i) changes in caveolin abundance and/or distribution occur during(More)
Experimental data suggest that nitric oxide (NO) generated from neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) modulates the myocardial inotropic state. To assess the contribution of NO, derived from endothelial and neuronal isoforms, to the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure in human beings, we compared expression, localisation, and specific activity of NOS isoforms(More)
We tested the hypothesis that heart rate (HR) reduction, induced by the selective hyperpolarization-activated current inhibitor ivabradine (Iva), might improve left ventricular (LV) function, structure, and electrical remodeling in severe post-myocardial infarction (MI) chronic heart failure (HF). MI was produced in adult male Wistar rats. After 2 mo,(More)
Chronic hypoxia has been shown to stimulate myocardial microvascular growth and improve cardiac ischemic tolerance in young and adult rats. The aim of this study was to determine whether the ANG II type 1 receptor (AT(1)) pathway was involved in these processes. Newborn Wistar rats, exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia (8 h/day) for 10 days, were(More)
BACKGROUND An emerging concept is that a neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) may regulate myocardial contractility. However, a role for NOS1-derived nitric oxide (NO) in heart failure (HF) has not been defined. METHODS AND RESULTS Using a model of myocardial infarction-induced HF, we demonstrated that cardiac NOS1 expression and activity(More)
BACKGROUND Defects in cardiomyocyte Ca(2+) cycling are a signature feature of heart failure (HF) that occurs in response to sustained hemodynamic overload, and they largely account for contractile dysfunction. Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) influences myocyte excitation-contraction coupling through modulation of Ca(2+) cycling, but the potential(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in the development of heart failure, although the source, significance, and functional role of the different NO synthase (NOS) isoforms in this pathology are controversial. The presence of a neuronal-type NOS isoform (NOS1) in the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum has been recently discovered, leading to the hypothesis(More)