Jane-Lise Samuel

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OBJECTIVES This study was designed to investigate whether nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide 3-phosphate (reduced form) (NADPH) oxidase is expressed in the human heart and whether it contributes to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in heart failure. BACKGROUND A phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase complex is a major source of ROS in the vasculature and is(More)
The effects of growth factors on tissue remodeling and cell differentiation depend on the nature of the extracellular matrix, the type and organization of integrins, the activation of metalloproteinases and the presence of secreted proteins associated to the matrix. These interactions are actually poorly known in the cardiovascular system. We describe here:(More)
Experimental data suggest that nitric oxide (NO) generated from neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) modulates the myocardial inotropic state. To assess the contribution of NO, derived from endothelial and neuronal isoforms, to the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure in human beings, we compared expression, localisation, and specific activity of NOS isoforms(More)
BACKGROUND An emerging concept is that a neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) may regulate myocardial contractility. However, a role for NOS1-derived nitric oxide (NO) in heart failure (HF) has not been defined. METHODS AND RESULTS Using a model of myocardial infarction-induced HF, we demonstrated that cardiac NOS1 expression and activity(More)
BACKGROUND Increases in plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations in those with acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF) has been mainly attributed to an increase in NPPB gene transcription. Recently, proBNP glycosylation has emerged as a potential regulatory mechanism in the production of amino-terminal (NT)-proBNP and BNP. The aim of the(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is promoted by adrenergic overactivation and can progress to heart failure, a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Although cAMP is among the most well-known signaling molecules produced by beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation, its mechanism of action in cardiac hypertrophy is not fully understood. The identification of Epac (exchange(More)
Clinical studies have documented sex differences in left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy patterns, but the mechanisms are so far poorly defined. This study aimed to determine whether 1) severe pressure overload altered expression and/or activity of cardiac constitutive nitric oxide synthase (NOS1 and NOS3) and 2) these changes were modulated according to sex.(More)
Estrogens [E(2)] exert direct and indirect effects that can modulate the development of cardiac disease. However, the precise mechanisms that are involved remain undefined. Our objective was to investigate whether E(2) affected the activity and expression of constitutive nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms (NOS3 and NOS1) in cardiac hypertrophy induced by(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in the development of heart failure, although the source, significance, and functional role of the different NO synthase (NOS) isoforms in this pathology are controversial. The presence of a neuronal-type NOS isoform (NOS1) in the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum has been recently discovered, leading to the hypothesis(More)
OBJECTIVE Caveolins, the structural proteins of caveolae, modulate numerous signaling pathways including Nitric Oxide (NO) production. Among the caveolin family, caveolin-1 and -3 are mainly expressed in endothelial and muscle cells, respectively. In this study, we investigate whether (i) changes in caveolin abundance and/or distribution occur during(More)