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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that abnormalities in the parvalbumin-containing subclass of local circuit neurons contribute to altered gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission in the prefrontal cortex of schizophrenic subjects. METHOD Profile counts and somal size measures were made of parvalbumin-immunoreactive(More)
Conjugates between photosensitisers (PS) and charged polymeric carriers are under investigation for photodynamic therapy of cancer and may allow targeting to certain cell types or compartments in tumours. Covalent attachment of polyethylene glycol to macromolecules (pegylation) may alter their pharmacokinetics, cell type targeting, and photophysical(More)
OBJECTIVES Preliminary studies using botulinum toxin (BTX) have demonstrated some benefits in treating interstitial cystitis (IC)/painful bladder syndrome (PBS) pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a periurethral injection of BTX to block urethral visceral and somatic afferent fibers, for the treatment of IC/PBS. METHODS(More)
Analogues of the neurotransmitter substance P (SP) can interact with neuropeptide receptors, and are reported to inhibit growth of small cell lung cancer cell lines (SCLC CLs). We found [D-Arg1, D-Phe5, D-Trp7,9, Leu11] substance P (D-Phe5SP) significantly inhibited DNA synthesis by 10/10 human tumour CLs; six SCLC, one N-SCLC (squamous), two ovarian and(More)
AIMS Bladder neck closure (BNC) with suprapubic tube (SPT) placement is a method of bladder management for patients with neurogenic bladders (NGB). We evaluated our experience at one institution. METHODS We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients who received BNC with SPT placement from 1999 to 2008. RESULTS Twenty-nine patients (24 females(More)
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