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OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to better estimate the prevalence and severity of childhood food allergy in the United States. METHODS A randomized, cross-sectional survey was administered electronically to a representative sample of US households with children from June 2009 to February 2010. Eligible participants included adults (aged 18 years or(More)
IMPORTANCE Describing the economic impact of childhood food allergy in the United States is important to guide public health policies. OBJECTIVE To determine the economic impact of childhood food allergy in the United States and caregivers' willingness to pay for food allergy treatment. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A cross-sectional survey was(More)
Due to organ scarcity and wait-list mortality, transplantation of donation after cardiac death (DCD) livers has increased. However, the group of patients benefiting from DCD liver transplantation is unknown. We studied the comparative effectiveness of DCD versus donation after brain death (DBD) liver transplantation. A Markov model was constructed to(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide insight into food allergy knowledge and perceptions among pediatricians and family physicians in the United States. METHODS A national sample of pediatricians and family physicians was recruited between April and July 2008 to complete the validated, Web-based Chicago Food Allergy Research Survey for Primary Care Physicians. Findings(More)
A strong association between poverty and child neglect has been established, but the mechanisms that explain this relationship have not been clearly articulated. This research takes advantage of survey and child maltreatment administrative data about families with young children and assesses the influence of poverty and parenting characteristics on(More)
This analysis examines whether young children's (N= 494) general physical health is associated with parental employment, welfare receipt, and health care access within a low-income population transitioning from welfare to work. A latent physical health measure derived from survey and medical chart data is used to capture children's poor health, and parental(More)
BACKGROUND Waiting time to deceased donor kidney transplant varies greatly across the United States. This variation violates the final rule, a federal mandate, which demands geographic equity in organ allocation for transplantation. METHODS Retrospective analysis of the United States Renal Data System and United Network for Organ Sharing database from(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate whether there is an association between chronic psychosocial stress and low birth weight neonates in low-income women. METHODS Between 1999 and 2004, a random sample of women receiving welfare in nine Illinois counties was selected. The women were then interviewed annually. Women who delivered during this period were identified.(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the demographic characteristics, utilization of medical services, and health status of uninsured children compared with insured children in the United States and to assess the factors associated with lack of health insurance among children. An estimated 8 million children in the United States are uninsured. Medicaid expansions and tax(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine the trends and racial differences in late preterm induction (LPI) of labor in the United States. STUDY DESIGN Data from the National Vital Statistics System were used to identify women eligible for induction between 34 and 42 weeks' gestation from 1991 to 2006. Annual LPI rates were calculated, and(More)