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OBJECTIVE To devise a brief screening instrument to detect partner violence and to partially validate this screen against established instruments. DESIGN Prospective survey. SETTING Two urban, hospital-based emergency departments. PARTICIPANTS Of 491 women presenting during 48 randomly selected 4-hour time blocks, 322 (76% of eligible patients)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence, 1-year prevalence, and cumulative prevalence of domestic violence (DV) among female emergency department (ED) patients. DESIGN Descriptive written survey. SETTING Two teaching EDs, two hospital walk-in clinics, and one private hospital ED in Denver, Colo. PARTICIPANTS Of 833 women presenting during 30 randomly(More)
OBJECTIVES This 11-city study sought to identify risk factors for femicide in abusive relationships. METHODS Proxies of 220 intimate partner femicide victims identified from police or medical examiner records were interviewed, along with 343 abused control women. RESULTS Preincident risk factors associated in multivariate analyses with increased risk of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of acute mountain sickness in a general population of visitors to moderate elevations, the characteristics associated with it, and its effect on physical activity. DESIGN A cross-sectional study. SETTING Resort communities located at 6300 to 9700 feet elevation in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado. PARTICIPANTS(More)
The killing of women by men who then take their own lives (femicide-suicide) is the most common form of homicide-suicide. This study identified femicide-suicide risk factors in an 11-city case-control study of femicide in the United States. Perpetrator, victim, relationship, and incident characteristics were analyzed for femicide-suicide cases (n = 67) and(More)
There exists only a small number of empirical studies investigating the patterns of family violence in problem gambling populations, although some evidence exists that intimate partner violence and child abuse are among the most severe interpersonal correlates of problem gambling. The current article reports on the Australian arm of a large-scale study of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Medical chart reviews are often used in emergency medicine research. However, the reliability of data abstracted by chart reviews is seldom examined critically. The objective of this investigation was to determine the proportion of emergency medicine research articles that use data from chart reviews and the proportions that report methods(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol is a contributing factor in a large proportion of traffic crashes. However, the role of other drugs is unknown. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of recent drug use among drivers injured in traffic crashes, and to determine the extent to which drugs are responsible for crashes. METHODS We studied 414 injured(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective was to test the ability of the Brief Risk Identification for Geriatric Health Tool (BRIGHT) to identify older emergency department (ED) patients with functional and physical impairment. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study in which 139 persons > or = 75 years, who presented to an urban New Zealand ED over a 12-week period,(More)
BACKGROUND State laws mandating health care personnel to contact police when treating patients injured as a result of domestic violence are controversial. Attitudes toward these laws have been studied in select groups, but never in a large population-based sample. METHODS We measured support for mandatory reporting (MR) among 845 women in 11 cities who(More)