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The Drosophila ninaE gene was isolated by a multistep protocol on the basis of its homology to bovine opsin cDNA. The gene encodes the major visual pigment protein (opsin) contained in Drosophila photoreceptor cells R1-R6. The coding sequence is interrupted by four short introns. The positions of three introns are conserved with respect to positions in(More)
We present a high-resolution profile of the temporal and spatial immunoreactivity for dopamine and serotonin in the Drosophila embryonic CNS and the expression pattern of two enzymes important in their biosynthesis, DOPA decarboxylase (DDC) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). DDC performs the final catalytic step in the synthesis of both biogenic amines and TH(More)
During development of the Drosophila nerve cord, neuroblast 7-3 gives rise to a pair of mitotic sister serotonin neurons in each hemisegment. Here we show that the zinc finger gene eagle, which is expressed in neuroblast 7-3, is essential for specifying the fate of serotonin neurons. We find that loss-of-function eagle mutations produce an unusual(More)
A number of the pattern formation genes expressed in the Drosophila epidermis are also expressed in the developing CNS. It is uncertain how these genes contribute to neuronal differentiation. Here we show that the normal differentiation of the serotonin neurons of the Drosophila nerve cord is dependent on the expression of two pattern formation genes,(More)
A 36 kilobase (kb) DNA segment of the Drosophila genome that contains several larval cuticle protein genes has been cloned and characterized. This segment maps at chromosomal locus 44D. It contains five genes, all of which are expressed at the same time of Drosophila development. Four of the genes are clustered within 7.9 kb of DNA and are abundantly(More)
We have studied a 40-bp upstream regulatory region of the DOPA decarboxylase gene (Ddc) which is important for cell-specific expression in the Drosophila central nervous system (CNS). This region contains two redundant elements which when simultaneously mutated result in lowered DDC expression in serotonin neurons. We uncovered a protein binding site within(More)
We have developed a new DNA-specific fluorochrome that is excited by visible light. This chemically uncharacterized fluorochrome readily penetrates tissue in whole mounts, gives a strong signal, is inexpensive to make and very easy to use. This preparation has several advantages over existing DNA fluorochromes in confocal laser microscopy applications. Many(More)
The Drosophila dopa decarboxylase gene, Ddc, is expressed in the hypoderm and in specific sets of cells in the central nervous system (CNS). The unique Ddc primary transcript is alternatively spliced in these two tissues. The Ddc CNS mRNA contains all four exons (A through D), whereas the hypodermal mRNA contains only three exons (A, C, and D). To localize(More)
We have isolated chromosomal deoxyribonucleic acid clones containing the Drosophila dopa decarboxylase gene. We describe an isolation procedure which can be applied to other nonabundantly expressed Drosophila genes. The dopa decarboxylase gene lies within or very near polytene chromosome band 37C1-2. The gene is interrupted by at least one intron, and the(More)
Nine lethal complementation groups flanking the Drosophila Dopa decarboxylase (Ddc) gene, have been localized within 100 kb of cloned chromosomal DNA. Six of these complementation groups are within 23 kb of DNA, and all ten complementation groups, including Ddc, lie within 78-82 kb of DNA. The potential significance of this unusually high gene density is(More)