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Measurement by (13)C magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of the incorporation of label from [1-(13)C] glucose, initially into C4 of glutamate, allows the regional tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle flux (F(TCA)) to be determined in the human brain. In this study, a direct (13)C MRS approach was used at 3T, with NOE enhancement and (1)H decoupling with(More)
The vasoconstrictor responses of isolated rat portal vein and aorta to synthetically prepared endothelin are investigated. Both preparations respond to 10(-9) M levels of the peptide although the aortic response is more sustained than that of the portal vein. Endothelin-evoked contractions, unlike those evoked by scorpion alpha-toxins (which are homologous(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the rate of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in very low birthweight children (VLBW) relative to children with low (LBW) and normal birthweights. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS Cohort study of consecutive live births in Victoria, 1993-1997 inclusive. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES All sudden unexpected deaths in early childhood over this(More)
A combined carbogen ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) imaging protocol was developed and applied in vivo in two murine colorectal tumor xenograft models, HCT116 and SW1222, with established disparate vascular morphology, to investigate whether additional information could be extracted from the combination of two susceptibility MRI biomarkers.(More)
The recently described combined carbogen USPIO (CUSPIO) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method uses spatial correlations in independent imaging biomarkers to assess specific components of tumor vascular structure and function. Our study aimed to evaluate CUSPIO biomarkers for the assessment of tumor response to antiangiogenic therapy. CUSPIO imaging was(More)
To understand the day-to-day pathophysiology of impaired muscle glycogen storage in type 2 diabetes, glycogen concentrations were measured before and after the consumption of sequential mixed meals (breakfast: 190.5 g carbohydrate, 41.0 g fat, 28.8 g protein, 1253 kcal; lunch: 203.3 g carbohydrate, 48.1 g fat, 44.0 g protein, 1497.5 kcal) by use of natural(More)
For quantitative analysis of dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging data, the time course of the concentration of the contrast agent in the blood plasma, or vascular input function (VIF), is required. We compared pharmacokinetic parameters derived using individual and population-based VIFs in mice for two different contrast agents,(More)
We studied the role of striatal dopamine (DA) release in seizure activity evoked by the subcutaneous administration of the cholinesterase inhibitor pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (soman), in the guinea-pig. The involvement of the dopamine receptor subtypes was studied by systemic administration of the D(1)-like receptor antagonist SCH 23390 (0.5 mg(More)
Jak1/2 inhibition suppresses STAT3 phosphorylation that is characteristic of many cancers. Activated STAT3 promotes the transcription of factors that enhance tumor growth, survival, and angiogenesis. AZD1480 is a novel small molecule inhibitor of Jak1/2, which is a key mediator of STAT3 activation. This study examined the use of diffusion-weighted (DW) and(More)