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Inflammatory bowl disease predisposes to cancer of the colorectum, and the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) decreases the risk; hence genetic variations that modify the inflammatory response may alter the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of this study was to determine if polymorphisms associated with an altered inflammatory(More)
Although molecular research has contributed significantly to our knowledge of familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (FNDI) for more than a decade, the genetic background and the pathogenesis still is not understood fully. Here we provide a review of the genetic basis of FNDI, present recent progress in the understanding of the molecular mechanisms(More)
The association between pre-diagnostic alcohol consumption and breast cancer recurrence and breast cancer specific mortality was investigated in 1,052 women diagnosed with early breast cancer in a prospective cohort of 29,875 women. Known clinical, lifestyle and socioeconomic risk factors were evaluated and adjusted for in multivariate analysis. We found a(More)
Although many case-control studies have suggested positive associations between carbohydrate intake and breast cancer incidence rates in both pre- and postmenopausal women, there is limited information available from cohort studies. We examined the effect of the intake of different carbohydrates, the glycemic index, and the glycemic load on breast cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Results from randomized trials indicate that treatment with tamoxifen or chemotherapy for primary breast cancer reduces the risk for contralateral breast cancer. However, less is known about how long the risk is reduced and the impact of factors such as age and menopausal status. METHODS The study included 634 women with contralateral breast(More)
BACKGROUND Women diagnosed with breast cancer at young age have been shown to be at higher risk of developing a new primary cancer than women diagnosed at older ages, but little is known about whether adjustment for calendar year of breast cancer diagnosis, length of follow-up, and/or breast cancer treatment alters the risk pattern by age. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the feasibility and psychosocial impact of a hospital-based home care (HBHC) program for children with cancer. PROCEDURE A HBHC program was carried out with 51 children (0-18 years) with cancer to assess its feasibility in terms of satisfaction, care preferences, safety, and cost. A controlled trial was conducted to assess children's(More)
The mammalian lignan enterolactone (ENL), which is produced from dietary plant-lignan precursors by the intestinal microflora, may protect against breast cancer and other hormone-dependent cancers. This cross-sectional study examined which variables related to diet and lifestyle were associated with high plasma concentrations of ENL in Danish postmenopausal(More)
X-linked congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (CNDI) is characterized by a defective renal response to the antidiuretic hormone (AVP) due to variations in the arginine vasopressin receptor 2 (AVPR2) gene. In a unique group of patients, the renal insensitivity to the effects of AVP is incomplete resulting in a partial phenotype. To investigate the(More)
Autosomal dominant familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (adFNDI) is caused by postnatal arginine vasopressin (AVP) deficiency resulting from mutations in the AVP gene encoding the AVP pre-prohormone. To advance the understanding of adFNDI further, we have searched for mutations in the AVP gene in 15 unrelated kindreds in which diabetes insipidus(More)