Jane Guarino

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Midazolam is a new ultra short-acting benzodiazepine whose physical dependence properties have not been well characterized. Our laboratory has demonstrated previously that physical dependence to the long-acting chlordiazepoxide in the rat is inducible by a single intoxicating dose, whereas maximal dependence required chronically equivalent maximally(More)
The effects of orally administered placebo, diphenhydramine, lorazepam, methocarbamol and placebo were studied in volunteers with histories of recreational substance abuse including sedative/hypnotics. Placebo, diphenhydramine (100, 200 and 400 mg), lorazepam (1 and 4 mg) and methocarbamol (2.25 and 9 g) were tested in a randomized, double-blind crossover(More)
The behavioral and subjective effects of acute oral doses of placebo, ethanol (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g/kg), and pentobarbital (150, 300, 600, and 750 mg/70 kg) were compared in 8 male volunteers with histories of sedative drug abuse using a double-blind, double-dummy, cross-over design. Ethanol and pentobarbital produced similar dose-related decrements in(More)
A rat model of phenobarbital tolerance and physical dependence has been developed based on the 'maximally tolerable, chronically equivalent' dosing paradigm. Sodium phenobarbital was administered orally twice daily for 35 days in individually adjusted doses to achieve mean daily peak CNS depression culminating in severe ataxia. Dose to dose continuity of(More)
A sustained increase in sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity was induced by substituting a 10% sucrose solution for the drinking water of rats fed laboratory chow ad libitum. The effects of increased SNS activity on alpha 1-adrenergic processes in liver were examined by evaluating three alpha 1-responses, namely, phenylephrine-stimulated(More)
The subjective and behavioral effects of p.o. administered methocarbamol, lorazepam and placebo were studied in a nonresidential group of adult male volunteers with histories of recreational substance abuse including sedative/hypnotics. In the first phase of the investigation, a dose run-up of methocarbamol (up to 12 g) was conducted in six subjects to(More)
The synthesis of racemic 10-hydroxyaporphine [(+/-)-2a] and 10-hydroxy-N-n-propylnoraporphine [(+/)-2b] is described. The method involved a Reissert alkylation-Pschorr cyclization route. The dopaminergic activity of (+/-)-2b was evaluated in comparison with L-Dopa, (-)-apomorphine (1a), (+/-)-N-n-propylnorapomorphine (NPA) (1b), and(More)
Methionine demethylation during metabolism generates homocysteine (Hcy) and its remethylation requires folate and cobalamin. Elevated Hcy concentrations are associated with vascular-related complications of pregnancy, including increased vascular stiffness, predictive of clinical vascular disease. Maternal and fetal total Hcy (tHcy) concentrations are(More)