Jane Goddard

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We investigated the incidence, risk factors and outcome of acute renal dysfunction (ARD) in patients with a fractured neck of femur. 170 consecutive patients were prospectively included in the Scottish Hip Fracture Audit database and retrospectively analysed. Historically, lack of consensus definition has hindered accurate reporting of ARD. ARD was defined(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin (ET) is implicated in the pathophysiology of chronic renal failure (CRF). We therefore studied the systemic and renal hemodynamic effects of ET receptor antagonists in CRF and examined differences between selective ETA, selective ETB, and combined ETA/B receptor blockade. METHODS AND RESULTS We conducted a randomized,(More)
Endothelin 1 is implicated in the development and progression of chronic kidney disease and associated cardiovascular disease. We, therefore, studied the effects of selective endothelin-A receptor antagonism with BQ-123 on key independent surrogate markers of cardiovascular risk (blood pressure, proteinuria and renal hemodynamics, arterial stiffness, and(More)
Animal studies suggest that endothelin A (ETA) receptor antagonism and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition may be synergistic. This interaction and the role of ETB receptors and endothelial mediators were investigated in terms of systemic and renal effects in humans in two studies. In one study, six subjects received placebo, the ETA receptor(More)
Chronic inflammation contributes to the development and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Identifying renal inflammation early is important. There are currently no specific markers of renal inflammation. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is implicated in the pathogenesis of CKD. Thus, we investigated the impact of progressive renal dysfunction and renal(More)
Proteinuria is associated with adverse cardiovascular and renal outcomes that are not prevented by current treatments. Endothelin 1 promotes the development and progression of chronic kidney disease and associated cardiovascular disease. We, therefore, studied the effects of selective endothelin-A receptor antagonism in proteinuric chronic kidney disease(More)
The two principle outcomes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are progressive loss of renal function, and the development and progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD) [1]. The aim of this Background Paper is to discuss the evidence for treatments to slow the progression of both CKD and the attendant CVD, and to discuss treatments for the metabolic(More)
C hronic kidney disease (CKD) is common, affecting 13% of adults in the United States, with 8% having an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of <60 mL/min per 1.73 m 2 in the survey from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999–2004). 1 Prevalence is likely to increase further with an aging population and high levels of obesity,(More)
Within five years of discovering endothelin (ET-1) in 1988, the first report of an orally available ET receptor antagonist was published. Within twelve years, bosentan, the first ET receptor antagonist to gain marketing authorization, was made available for the treatment of pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). Since this milestone in ET biology, several ET(More)
The incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing worldwide. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is strongly associated with CKD and constitutes one of its major causes of morbidity and mortality. Treatments that slow the progression of CKD and improve the cardiovascular risk profile of patients with CKD are needed. The endothelins (ET) are a family of(More)