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Outcomes of intensive care are important to the patient and for assessment of benefit. Short-term outcomes after critical illness are well described, but less is known about long-term outcomes. This study describes the use of data linkage, combining intensive care unit (ICU) clinical data with administrative morbidity and mortality data, to assess long-term(More)
This study compared the performance of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score with two organ failure scores in predicting hospital mortality of critically ill patients. A total of 1311 consecutive adult patients in a tertiary 22-bed multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU) in Western Australia were considered. The APACHE II(More)
BACKGROUND Critical illness leading to prolonged length of stay (LOS) in an intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with significant mortality and resource utilization. This study assessed the independent effect of ICU LOS on in-hospital and long-term mortality after hospital discharge. METHODS Clinical and mortality data of 22 298 patients, aged 16 yr(More)
BACKGROUND Global patient-reported outcomes do not evaluate specific aspects of treatment that are important to patients. OBJECTIVE The objective was to evaluate self-perception of age and specific outcomes that are important to patients receiving botulinum toxin type A or placebo for moderate to severe glabellar lines (using the Facial Line Outcomes(More)
Critical care service is expensive and the demand for such service is increasing in many developed countries. This study aimed to assess the changes in characteristics of critically ill patients and their effect on long-term outcome. This cohort study utilised linked data between the intensive care unit database and state-wide morbidity and mortality(More)
We quantitatively determined the relative contribution of various factors leading to arterial lumen enlargement during transluminal angioplasty. Mechanical tests were conducted on both normal and atherosclerotic artery necropsy specimens. In our range of dilating pressures (0-3.4 atm or 0-50 lb/in2), content extrusion of fluid from the plaque accounted for(More)
AIM To investigate the corticomotor projection to the upper limb in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) and the changes that occur with botulinum toxin (BTX)-A. METHODS The study design is a pilot prospective randomized trial. Twenty-two children with hemiplegic CP aged 7 years to 13 years 11 months were recruited. Treatment group (12) received(More)
New coaxial balloon dilators with standard urologic tip configurations have been designed for use in urethral strictures. Balloon dilatation provides several advantages over conventional dilatation of strictures including improved access and decreased mucosal trauma due to a low silhouette, adjustability of diameter and rigidity, decreased instrumentation,(More)
We investigated whether replacing the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II weighted comorbidity score with other measures of prior comorbidity would improve the prediction of hospital mortality in critically ill patients. Clinical data of 24 303 critically ill patients were linked to the Western Australian hospital morbidity database(More)