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The purposes of the study were to determine the reliability of a new device used to quantify shoulder subluxation and to estimate its standard error of measurement. The device is an L-shaped thermoplastic jig with a metric tape measure embedded in it. A sliding beak-like marker, which can be anchored with a thumbscrew, is used to identify landmarks and to(More)
BACKGROUND Sensory amplitude electrical stimulation (SES) and repetitive task practice reduce impairments and arm dysfunction when delivered separately following stroke. OBJECTIVE To determine if home-based, task-specific arm exercise was more effective when administered concurrent with SES. METHODS Thirty-eight subjects with chronic stroke and mean(More)
Recent studies have provided evidence of the widespread incidence of sensory dysfunction following stroke. The importance of these findings lies in the association between sensory loss poststroke and poorer outcomes in motor capacity, functional abilities, length of inpatient stay, and quality of life. Since literature suggests that clinicians can use(More)
Standardized outcome measures (OMs) are a vital part of evidence-based practice. Despite the recognition of the importance of OMs, recent evidence suggests that the use of OMs in clinical practice is limited. Selecting the most appropriate OM enhances clinical practice by (1) identifying and quantifying body function and structure limitations; (2)(More)
Physical therapists working in neurological practice must make choices about which standardized outcome measures are most appropriate for each patient. Significant time constraints in the clinic limit the number of measures that one can reasonably administer. Therapists must choose measures that will provide results that guide the selection of appropriate(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of a home-based arm exercise programme of sensory and motor amplitude electrical stimulation. DESIGN Non-concurrent, multiple-baseline, single-subject design. SUBJECTS Ten adults with chronic arm hemiparesis following stroke. Subjects ranged in age from 38 to 74 years and were 2-16 years post stroke. Three subjects had(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The use of standardized outcome measures (OMs) can support clinicians' development of appropriate care plans, guide educators in curricular decisions, and enhance the methodological quality and generalizability of clinical trials. The purposes of this case report are: (1) to describe a framework and process for assessing psychometrics(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This case report describes a person with upper-extremity (UE) hemiparesis who participated in a home program that included sensory amplitude electrical stimulation (SES) to his involved arm and performance of task-specific exercises with the assistance of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES). CASE DESCRIPTION The patient was(More)
This case report examined the effectiveness of a home program using neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) during voluntary task-oriented exercise to achieve functional and impairment improvements for an individual with primarily proximal arm paresis after a stroke. The subject initially achieved a Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) score of 58/66, but she(More)