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Long-term potentiation is a long-lasting, use-dependent increase in the strength of synaptic connections. We investigated the role of nitric oxide (NO) in determining the duration of potentiation induced by high frequency stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the rat hippocampus. The calcium/calmodulin-dependent production of NO can be initiated by(More)
Activation of M(1) muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (M(1) mAChR) inhibits M-type potassium currents (I(K(M))) and N-type calcium currents (I(Ca)) in mammalian sympathetic ganglia. Previous antisense experiments suggested that, in rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons, both effects were partly mediated by the G-protein Galpha(q) (Delmas et al.,(More)
The Wld(s) mouse mutant demonstrates a remarkable phenotype of delayed axonal and synaptic degeneration after nerve lesion. In this study, the authors tested the hypothesis that expression of Wld protein is neuroprotective in an in vivo mouse model of global cerebral ischemia. This model is associated with selective neuronal degeneration in specific brain(More)
Slow Wallerian degeneration (Wld(S)) mutant mice express a chimeric nuclear protein that protects sick or injured axons from degeneration. The C-terminal region, derived from NAD(+) synthesizing enzyme Nmnat1, is reported to confer neuroprotection in vitro. However, an additional role for the N-terminal 70 amino acids (N70), derived from multiubiquitination(More)
Rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons express low-threshold noninactivating M-type potassium channels (I(K(M))), which can be inhibited by activation of M(1) muscarinic receptors (M(1) mAChR) and bradykinin (BK) B(2) receptors. Inhibition by the M(1) mAChR agonist oxotremorine methiodide (Oxo-M) is mediated, at least in part, by the pertussis(More)
Subcutaneous injection of formalin into the hindpaw peripheral receptive field of deep dorsal horn multireceptive (convergent) nociceptive neurones was used to produce a prolonged (1 h) activation of the cells. This chemical noxious stimulus produced a first peak of firing which lasted 10 min followed by a second peak of prolonged activity which was(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), an intercellular messenger in the central nervous system of vertebrates, plays an important role in the establishment of synaptic plasticity. In order to investigate the role of NO and synaptic plasticity in learning, we injected rats and rabbits with the NO synthase inhibitor nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) prior to training on(More)
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors have been shown to block long-term synaptic enhancements in the mammalian hippocampus. This effect has been somewhat controversial, however, showing sensitivity to both temperature and stimulus strength. We have demonstrated a differential effect of the NOS inhibitor L-NG-nitroarginine (NOArg) on long-term potentiation(More)
Intrathecal injection of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) induces a short duration hyperalgesia in mice. An inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), administered either systemically or intrathecally, blocked the NMDA-induced hyperalgesia. This effect was partially reversed by the NOS substrate, L-arginine.(More)
The role of nitric oxide in the periphery and the spinal cord, during acute electrically-evoked and prolonged chemically-evoked nociceptive stimulation, was investigated in rats anaesthetised with halothane. The responses of single dorsal horn neurones to electrically-evoked A beta fibre and C fibre inputs were reduced by topical application (directly onto(More)