Jane E . Freedman

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OBJECTIVE Inflammatory activity in fat tissue has recently been implicated in mechanisms of insulin resistance and obesity-related metabolic dysfunction. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a key role in innate immune responses and recent studies implicate the TLR pathway in mechanisms of inflammation and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to examine(More)
BACKGROUND Moderate red wine consumption is inversely associated with coronary ischemia, and both red wine and purple grape juice (PGJ) contain flavonoids with antioxidant and antiplatelet properties believed to be protective against cardiovascular events. Acute cardiac events are also associated with decreased platelet-derived nitric oxide (NO) release. In(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies indicate that vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) exerts a beneficial effect on cardiovascular disease. The effect of vitamin E has generally been attributed to its antioxidant activity and the antioxidant protection of LDL. Distinct from its effect on LDL, vitamin E is also known to inhibit platelet aggregation and adhesion in(More)
Vessel injury and thrombus formation are the cause of most ischemic coronary syndromes and, in this setting, activated platelets stimulate platelet recruitment to the growing thrombus. Recently, a constitutive nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has been identified in human platelets. To further define the capacity of platelets to produce nitric oxide (NO), as well(More)
Traditionally, platelets have been thought of as anuclear, subcellular fragments derived from megakaryocytes circulating in blood as small discs and mitigating hemorrhage. This hemostatic process requires platelet activation, a complex chain of events involving rapid structural changes that activate adhesion receptors, remodel the cytoskeleton, and lead to(More)
Grape Juice Consumption in Subjects with Stable Coronary Artery Disease To the Editor: Moderate consumption of red wine is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular disease,1–4 and some of the cardioprotective effects have been attributed to the distinct polyphenolic compounds present in red wine and purple grape products. These polyphenols possess(More)
Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia is believed to injure endothelial cells in vivo through a number of mechanisms, including the generation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Earlier in vitro studies demonstrated that homocyst(e)ine (Hcy) decreases the biological activity of endothelium-derived relaxing factor and that this decrease can be reversed by preventing the(More)
Hemostasis is a normal process preventing the sequelae of uncontrolled hemorrhage. In certain settings, these same processes cause adverse clinical events due to thrombotic occlusion of a vessel. The majority of unstable coronary syndromes result from disruption of an atherosclerotic plaque, leading to the exposure of subintimal contents, which triggers(More)
The role of platelets in hemostasis and thrombosis is clearly established; however, the mechanisms by which platelets mediate inflammatory and immune pathways are less well understood. Platelets interact and modulate the function of blood and vascular cells by releasing bioactive molecules. Although the platelet is anucleate, it contains transcripts that(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombus formation within a coronary vessel is the acute precipitating event in most acute coronary syndromes. Recently, constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) has been identified in human platelets, and platelet-derived nitric oxide has been shown to inhibit platelet recruitment after aggregation. However, its role in regulating platelet(More)