Jane E. Clark

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The stability and adaptability of visuomotor representations for hand movement in young children was investigated using a visuomotor adaptation paradigm in which the real-time visual feedback of pen movement was rotated 45° clockwise during exposure trials. Four, six, and eight-year-old children performed line drawings to visual targets, from a common(More)
The ability to integrate sensation with action is considered an important factor underlying the development of upright stance and locomotion. While many have studied sensory influences on posture, the nature of these influences and how they change with development have yet to be thoroughly characterized in infancy. Six infants were examined from 1 month(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether the coupling between dynamic somatosensory information and body sway is similar in children and adults. Thirty children (4-, 6-, and 8-year-olds) and 10 adults stood upright, with feet parallel, and lightly contacting the fingertip to a rigid metal plate that moved rhythmically at 0.2, 0.5, and 0.8(More)
The effects of increasing complexity of visuo-motor transformations on movement were examined in 4-, 6-, and 8-year-old children and adults. Participants performed a 'center-out' drawing task under three increasingly complex conditions: (1) Normal transformation: The target, line path and hand position were fully visible, in the horizontal plane, throughout(More)
The extant developmental literature investigating age-related differences in the execution of aiming movements has predominantly focused on visuomotor coordination, despite the fact that additional sensory modalities, such as audition and somatosensation, may contribute to motor planning, execution, and learning. The current study investigated the execution(More)
BACKGROUND The current research examines the relationship between perceptual and motor processes, known as perception-action or sensorimotor coupling, and the potential differences in perception-action coupling among children with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and adults in a gross-motor co-ordination task (clapping while marching)(More)
Previous neuroimaging and behavioral studies demonstrated structural and functional changes in the motor system across childhood. However, it is unclear what functionally relevant electrocortical processes underlie developmental differences in motor planning and control during multijoint, goal-directed movements. The current study characterized age-related(More)
Using a dynamical systems approach, we examined the development of intralimb coordination over the first year of independent walking. The segmental motion of the thigh and shank and their intralimb coordinative relationship were modeled dynamically as a system of coupled limit cycles. To test the predictions of such a dynamic model in the development of(More)
There is growing evidence that cognitive and motor functions are interrelated and may rely on the development of the same cortical and subcortical neural structures. However, no study to date has examined the relationships between brain volume, cognitive ability, and motor ability in typically developing children. The NIH MRI Study of Normal Brain(More)