Learn More
We evaluated the separate components in treatment packages for food refusal of 4 young children. First, treatment packages were implemented until food acceptance improved. Next, a component analysis was conducted within a multielement or reversal design to identify the active components that facilitated food acceptance. The results indicated that escape(More)
The objective of this preliminary study was to evaluate more fully the role of daily spiritual experiences and daily religious/spiritual coping in the experience of individuals with pain due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Thirty-five individuals with RA were asked to keep a structured daily diary for 30 consecutive days. The diary included standardized(More)
The authors evaluated the responsiveness of 4 preschool-aged children to positive reinforcers within a concurrent operants paradigm during mealtimes. The children were presented with two identical, concurrently available sets of food. Each set differed in quantity and quality of positive reinforcement paired with acceptance of each bite of food or in the(More)
A forced-choice preference assessment was conducted in which two dependent measures were used to select preferred stimuli: (a) approach responding and (b) latency to the first aberrant response. Stimuli identified as preferred based on both dependent measures were then evaluated during treatment. The results suggested that latency may be a useful measure in(More)
Although 4- to 6-month-old children have a significant tendency to look at new stimuli in a visual paired-comparison task (VPC), they have difficulty in consistently choosing novel objects in a delayed nonmatch-to-sample task (DNMS). To evaluate which factors could account for this difficulty, we tested human infants (10-107 months) and adults (17-25 years)(More)
Although a recent preliminary report indicated a pattern of substance P-like immunoreactivity within the spinal trigeminal nucleus that is similar to the projection sites for dental afferent fibers, details of this substance P distribution are lacking. Our purpose was to describe in cats the complete normal pattern of this immunoreactivity within each of(More)
OBJECTIVES To present the baseline patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in the Prostate Testing for Cancer and Treatment (ProtecT) randomized trial comparing active monitoring, radical prostatectomy and external-beam conformal radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer and to compare results with other populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of(More)
Seven of the nine people present at the barbeque developed diarrhea with abdominal cramps between 3 to 10 days following the barbeque (Fig.1). Two had bloody diarrhea. The two children with bloody diarrhea (an 11-month-old male and a 15-year-old female) and one with non-bloody diarrhea (a 4-year-old female) sought medical attention. There was sufficient(More)
Benzodiazepine (BZ) binding is being studied in the spinal trigeminal nucleus of the cat 3 and 11 days following unilateral retrogasserian rhizotomy using in vitro autoradiography and computer-assisted densitometry. At 3 days following rhizotomy there is an increase in number and decrease in affinity of flunitrazepam binding sites in the superficial laminae(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop outpatient clinic assessments that allowed us to assess multiple treatment variables, produce relatively quick effects, and isolate active treatment components. Assessment began by evaluating a treatment package consisting of antecedent and consequence variables followed by a component analysis to determine the(More)