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BACKGROUND A rich microbial environment in infancy protects against asthma [1], [2] and infections precipitate asthma exacerbations [3]. We compared the airway microbiota at three levels in adult patients with asthma, the related condition of COPD, and controls. We also studied bronchial lavage from asthmatic children and controls. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing the activity of defective cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein is a potential treatment for cystic fibrosis. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate ivacaftor (VX-770), a CFTR potentiator, in subjects 12 years of age or older with cystic fibrosis and at least(More)
Cone beam CT (CBCT) is becoming an increasingly utilized imaging modality for dental examinations in the UK. Previous studies have presented little information on patient dose for the range of fields of view (FOVs) that can be utilized. The purpose of the study was therefore to calculate the effective dose delivered to the patient during a selection of CBCT(More)
BACKGROUND We and others have previously reported significant changes in chloride transport after cationic-lipid-mediated transfer of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene to the nasal epithelium of patients with cystic fibrosis. We studied the safety and efficacy of this gene transfer to the lungs and nose of patients with(More)
RATIONALE Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by bronchoalveolar neutrophilia and submucosal lymphocytosis. We hypothesized that Th17 lymphocytes are part of this submucosal infiltrate. OBJECTIVES Quantification and phenotyping of the lymphocytic infiltrate in the bronchial submucosa of patients with CF (n = 53, of which 20 were newly diagnosed), non-CF(More)
RATIONALE Ivacaftor (VX-770), a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) potentiator, has been shown to improve lung function, pulmonary exacerbation rate, respiratory symptoms, and weight gain compared with placebo in patients with cystic fibrosis aged 12 years or older with a G551D-CFTR mutation. OBJECTIVES This randomized,(More)
Gene amplification using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out on DNA samples from a total of 92 normal subjects and 52 subjects with myotonic dystrophy (DM) from European and Japanese populations, to determine the copy number of the CTG repeat associated with DM for each group. In the two populations, the number of repeats on normal chromosomes(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the major pathogen in the cystic fibrosis (CF) lung. Prevalence is high and, once acquired, chronic infection will almost always ensue. Several hypotheses related to the underlying molecular defects in CF have been suggested to explain this high rate of prevalence. These include abnormalities of airway surface liquid leading to(More)
The reference sequence for each human chromosome provides the framework for understanding genome function, variation and evolution. Here we report the finished sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. Chromosome 1 is gene-dense, with 3,141 genes and 991 pseudogenes, and many coding sequences overlap. Rearrangements and mutations of(More)
The response of two populations of neurones in the substantia nigra (nigro-striatal compacta neurones and reticulata neurones) to microelectrophoretically administered putative neurotransmitters and stimulation of the ipsilateral striatum has been investigated in anaesthetized rats. There were marked differences between compacta and reticulata neurones in(More)