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We present the first report of community-acquired human infections with marine mammal-associated Brucella spp. and describe the identification of these strains in two patients with neurobrucellosis and intracerebral granulomas. The identification of these isolates as marine mammal strains was based on omp2a sequence and amplification of the region flanking(More)
Previous studies describing the occurrence and molecular characteristics of Lyme disease spirochetes, Borrelia burgdorferi, from California have been restricted primarily to isolates obtained from the north coastal region of this large and ecologically diverse state. Our objective was to look for and examine B. burdorferi organisms isolated from Ixodes(More)
Burkholderia gladioli has only recently been reported to be a human pathogen. Four cases of B. gladioli infection (including bacteremia, pneumonia, and cervical adenitis) in two adults and two young children are reported. Three of these four patients were severely immunocompromised. Commercial systems were frequently unable to identify this bacterium(More)
The incidence of serogroup Y meningococcal disease has increased recently in the United States. Here, we describe the development of a 5' exonuclease assay for the detection of serogroup Y Neisseria meningitidis and demonstrate the usefulness of this assay for resolving serogroup identification of strains that are resistant to conventional serogrouping and(More)
We reviewed laboratory, clinical, and epidemiologic data on 35 patients from whom organisms belonging to the genus Roseomonas, a pink-pigmented gram-negative coccobacillus, were isolated over a 22-year period (1972-1994). Roseomonas strains were most commonly isolated from middle-aged women with one of several underlying conditions, including cancer and(More)
Twenty-two strains of Edwardsiella representing the three currently recognized species were evaluated for surface characteristics and ultrastructural morphology. All isolates tested possessed a high surface cell charge as detected by DEAE-cellulose chromatography; surface hydrophobicity was variable and strain but not species dependent. Two major types of(More)
The accuracy and performance of the revised MicroScan Rapid Gram-Negative Identification Type 3 Panel (Dade MicroScan Inc., West Sacramento, Calif.) were examined in a multicenter evaluation. The revised panel database includes data for 119 taxa covering a total of 150 species, with data for 12 new species added. Testing was performed in three phases: the(More)
Ninety-two strains of Yersinia pestis recovered over a 21-year period were evaluated for susceptibility to traditional and newer antimicrobial agents. In vitro resistance was noted only against rifampin and imipenem (approximately 20% of strains). The most active compounds (MIC at which 90% of the isolates tested are inhibited) against Y. pestis were(More)
We retrospectively analyzed epidemiologic information associated with 22 cultures of Neisseria elongata subsp. nitroreducens (formerly CDC group M-6) submitted to the Microbial Diseases Laboratory, California Department of Health Services, Berkeley, over a 16-year period. The most common illnesses noted with this bacterium were endocarditis, bacteremia, and(More)
A commercial system (Biolog, Hayward, CA) that uses reduction of an indicator dye to determine the oxidation of 95 different carbon substrates contained in a defined minimal medium was tested with 35 isolates of Brucella spp. to determine if the system could be used in place of respirometric methods to identify species. Of 95 substrates contained in this(More)