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BACKGROUND Breast carcinoma risk may be modified by early life factors, including physical growth and development, diet, and life-style factors of preadolescence and adolescence, as well as genetic factors. METHODS The authors tested their hypothesis that adolescent growth and development are related to breast carcinoma incidence by evaluating 65,140(More)
Larger body mass index values (BMI in kg/m2) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in adulthood and there are significant correlations between BMI values in childhood and in adulthood. The present study addresses the predictive value of childhood BMI for overweight at 35 +/- 5 y, defined as BMI > 28 for men and > 26 for women. Analyses of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the validity of the Harvard Service Food Frequency Questionnaire (HFFQ) in the diet assessment of Native American and Caucasian children 1 to 5 years of age participating in the North Dakota WIC program. METHODS The 84-item HFFQ was administered twice to the parent or guardian of 131 Native American and 102 Caucasian children ages 1 to(More)
BACKGROUND Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) have been validated in pregnant women, but few studies have focused specifically on low-income women and minorities. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of the Harvard Service FFQ (HSFFQ) among low-income American Indian and Caucasian pregnant women. METHODS The 100-item HSFFQ was(More)
OBJECTIVE In 1989, a validation study of eight nutrients was performed on a modified food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) specifically designed for low-income pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to broaden the scope of the previous study by assessing the validity of the FFQ for 17 additional nutrients. METHODS The Pregnancy Food Frequency(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a self-administered food frequency questionnaire for use with low-income pregnant women and to evaluate its performance in classifying women according to nutrient intake. Index nutrients used were energy, protein, calcium, iron, zinc, and vitamins A, B-6, and C. Two hundred ninety-five Massachusetts women, aged 14 to 43(More)
Recall of eight childhood communicable diseases and other illnesses was validated among 95 adults by comparison to longitudinal childhood health records. Self-reports at age 50 of several illnesses were highly accurate; however, German measles was correctly recalled by only 34% of subjects. Similar levels of accuracy were consistently found among a subset(More)
Tracking of blood pressure in adolescent boys is investigated using a mathematical model that corresponds to progression along a constant percentile. A more general analysis, based on the method of principal components, is also proposed that determines various alternative tracks or patterns that are most prevalent in the longitudinal blood pressure data.(More)
Recalled body weight and self-reported current weight were validated in a longitudinal study population by comparing recalls at 50 y to actual measures taken at ages 18, 30, 40, and 50 y. Recalled body weights were also compared with reported desired weights at these same ages. Self-reported weights at 50 y were equally accurate for both males and females;(More)
OBJECTIVE In an era when expanding publicly funded health insurance to children in higher income families has been the major strategy to increase access to health care for children, it is important to determine if the benefits to higher income children attributable to the receipt of health coverage are similar to those observed for lower income children.(More)