Jane D Gardner

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103 similar to those used here to inhibit actions of CRF 12. This antagonist (5 µg, icv; n = 5) failed to influence food intake or body weight gain in vehicle-treated rats (n = 10) and did not influence the hypophagia or reduced bodyweight gain induced by icv injection of prostaglandin E 2 (500 ng per rat, icv; n = 6), suggesting that its effects are(More)
We investigated the importance of sulfation of gastrin or cholecystokinin (CCK) on influencing their affinity for gastrin or CCK receptors by comparing the abilities of sulfated gastrin-17 (gastrin-17-II), desulfated gastrin-17 (gastrin-17-I), CCK-8 and desulfated CCK-8 [des(SO3)CCK-8] to interact with CCK or gastrin receptors on guinea pig pancreatic(More)
Vaccinia virus (VV) protein A39R has amino acid similarity to the extracellular domain of a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked cell surface semaphorin (SEMA7A/CDw108) that has an immunological expression profile and binding properties, thereby implicating A39R as an immunomodulator. Previously, a closely related A39R protein expressed by ectromelia virus(More)
The tetradecapeptide bombesin was originally isolated from frog skin. Bombesin-like peptides have since been detected in mammalian gastrointestinal tract, brain and lung. These peptides have potent pharmacological effects on the central nervous system; they cause contraction of intestinal, uterine and urinary tract smooth muscle; and stimulate the release(More)
BACKGROUND Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) have been validated in pregnant women, but few studies have focused specifically on low-income women and minorities. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of the Harvard Service FFQ (HSFFQ) among low-income American Indian and Caucasian pregnant women. METHODS The 100-item HSFFQ was(More)
Secretory cells should in principle export substantial amounts of calcium via exocytosis since Ca2+ is sequestered in secretory granules. Based on a new technique for measurements of the extracellular calcium concentration in the vicinity of the cell membrane and on the droplet techniques we have monitored the rate of calcium extrusion from salivary gland(More)
We transfected COS cells with cDNA for rat cholecystokinin-A (CCK-A) and different CCK-B receptors and measured binding of 125I-CCK-8, [3H]L-364,718 and [3H]L-365,260 to characterize the different affinity states for each type of CCK receptor. Rat CCK-A and CCK-B receptors, canine CCK-B receptors and canine mutant CCK-B (M-CCK-B) receptors in which the(More)
CCK-8-induced desensitization of carbachol-stimulated amylase secretion occurred over a range of concentrations of CCK-8 that occupy low affinity CCK receptors. CCK-JMV-180 [BOC-Tyr(SO3)-Nle-Gly-Trp-Nle-Asp-2-phenylethylester] at concentrations up to 1 microM did not cause desensitization of enzyme secretion; however, the peptide was able to inhibit(More)
The term gastrointestinal peptide is usually used to refer to a group of peptides with relatively low molecular weight (generally <30 amino acids) that function as agonists by interacting with cell surface receptors on one or more gastrointestinal target cells. These peptides can function as hormones or neurotransmitters, or can act as paracrine regulators(More)
We investigated the abilities of VIP and secretin to occupy receptors and to increase cellular cyclic AMP using dispersed acini from guinea pig pancreas. The dose-inhibition curve for inhibition of binding of 125I-VIP by VIP was broad with detectable inhibition at 0.1 nM VIP, half-maximal inhibition at 2 nM VIP and complete inhibition at 10 microM VIP.(More)