Jane D. Gardner

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BACKGROUND Breast carcinoma risk may be modified by early life factors, including physical growth and development, diet, and life-style factors of preadolescence and adolescence, as well as genetic factors. METHODS The authors tested their hypothesis that adolescent growth and development are related to breast carcinoma incidence by evaluating 65,140(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a self-administered food frequency questionnaire for use with low-income pregnant women and to evaluate its performance in classifying women according to nutrient intake. Index nutrients used were energy, protein, calcium, iron, zinc, and vitamins A, B-6, and C. Two hundred ninety-five Massachusetts women, aged 14 to 43(More)
Objective: In 1989, a validation study of eight nutrients was performed on a modified food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) specifically designed for low-income pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to broaden the scope of the previous study by assessing the validity of the FFQ for 17 additional nutrients. Methods: The Pregnancy Food Frequency(More)
Adolescent growth and development may be affected by factors such as dietary intake and body size from much earlier in childhood. In a longitudinal study of 67 Caucasian girls in Boston, Massachusetts, data were collected prospectively from birth during the 1930s and 1940s. Heights and weights were measured semiannually, and dietary history interviews were(More)
Objective: To assess the validity of the Harvard Service Food Frequency Questionnaire (HFFQ) in the diet assessment of Native American and Caucasian children 1 to 5 years of age participating in the North Dakota WIC program. Methods: The 84-item HFFQ was administered twice to the parent or guardian of 131 Native American and 102 Caucasian children ages 1 to(More)
BACKGROUND Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) have been validated in pregnant women, but few studies have focused specifically on low-income women and minorities. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of the Harvard Service FFQ (HSFFQ) among low-income American Indian and Caucasian pregnant women. METHODS The 100-item HSFFQ was(More)
Recall of eight childhood communicable diseases and other illnesses was validated among 95 adults by comparison to longitudinal childhood health records. Self-reports at age 50 of several illnesses were highly accurate; however, German measles was correctly recalled by only 34% of subjects. Similar levels of accuracy were consistently found among a subset(More)
Tracking of blood pressure in adolescent boys is investigated using a mathematical model that corresponds to progression along a constant percentile. A more general analysis, based on the method of principal components, is also proposed that determines various alternative tracks or patterns that are most prevalent in the longitudinal blood pressure data.(More)
Larger body mass index values (BMI in kg/m2) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in adulthood and there are significant correlations between BMI values in childhood and in adulthood. The present study addresses the predictive value of childhood BMI for overweight at 35 +/- 5 y, defined as BMI > 28 for men and > 26 for women. Analyses of(More)
Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of language proficiency on enrollment in a state-sponsored child health insurance program. Methods: 1055 parents of Medicaid-eligible children, who were enrolled in a state-sponsored child health insurance program, were surveyed about how they learned about the state program, how they enrolled(More)