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Charcoal-yeast extract agar is a new bacteriological medium that supports excellent growth of the Legionella pneumophila. It results from modifications made in an existing L. pneumophila medium, F-G agar. Yeast extract, instead of an acid hydrolysate of casein, serves as the protein source. Beef extractives and starch are not added. Activated charcoal(More)
Legionella pneumophila organisms are able to infect and multiply within the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena pyriformis. This ability may be associated with virulence, because an attenuated strain of L. pneumophila fails to multiply within this protozoan, whereas a virulent strain increases 10,000-fold in number when coincubated with T. pyriformis. Seventeen(More)
Pontiac fever, a unique epidemiologic form of legionellosis, is characterized by a short (one- to two-day) incubation period and a self-limited grippe-like illness without pneumonia. In 1968, the first documented outbreak of this syndrome affected persons who had entered a health department building in Pontiac, Michigan. Epidemiologic analyses clearly(More)
Yersinia enterocolitica was recovered from well water during a large water-borne outbreak of gastrointestinal illness. Isolates were predominantly Nilehn biotype 1, of which 57% were serologically nontypable. Isolation and enumeration of these Y. enterocolitica strains were made on M-Endo broth. Laboratory studies were conducted on selected isolates to(More)
In a series of experiments, we have determined that Legionella pneumophila will proliferate as an intracellular parasite of the ciliated holotrich Tetrahymena pyriformis in sterile tap water at 35 degrees C. After 7 days of incubation, serpentine chains of approximately 10(3) L. pneumophila cells were observed throughout the cytoplasm of the protozoan(More)
Because typhoid fever continues to be a major cause of illness in many developing countries, there is a clear need for a sensitive and specific test that will permit rapid laboratory diagnosis of the disease. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has recently been developed and tested, both in the laboratory and in a clinical situation, for its(More)
During a recent outbreak of listeriosis, we examined 121 raw milk samples and 14 milk socks (filters). Listeria monocytogenes was recovered from 15 (12%) of 121 milk specimens and 2 (14%) of 14 milk socks. The optimal processing method consisted of cold enriching diluted milk for 1 month with culture to selective broth, followed by plating.
Between August 1978 and November 1983, 21 cases of pneumonia caused by Legionella pneumophila occurred in the Leiden University Hospital, mainly among immunocompromised patients. A new serogroup of L. pneumophila, designated serogroup 10 (prototype strain Leiden 1), was isolated from bronchial secretions of four patients, and five patients had serological(More)