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The findings for a baseline assessment for a community-based HIV/STD prevention intervention for commercial sex workers (CSWs) and managers of the establishments that employ them in the Philippines is presented in this study. CSW knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and establishment policies concerning HIV prevention were assessed. Baseline assessments are(More)
By means of hospital records and death certificates, 91 cases of choriocarcinoma were identified in the cities of Manila, Quezon, Pasay, and Caloocan in the Philippines during the 5 years 1970-74. The overall incidence was 17.4 per 100 000 live births. The other principal findings in this population-based study concerned maternal age, history of fetal(More)
Recognizing the problem posed by diabetes mellitus, the National Diabetes Commission was created by Republic Act 8191 in 1996. The Commission identified the need for a Second National Diabetes Survey to have an updated estimate of the magnitude of the disease in the country and to have the needed information for developing a diabetes prevention and control(More)
The relationship between neonatal tetanus (NT) on one hand, and maternal tetanus immunization and other prenatal and natal practices on the other hand, was examined in a case-control study done at San Lazaro Hospital (SLH) in Manila from late 1990 to mid 1991. Included as cases were 54 patients diagnosed as NT on the basis of WHO criteria, and 50 controls(More)
The relationship between personal and domestic hygiene behaviour and hospitalized childhood diarrhoea was examined in a case-control study of 356 cases and 357 controls from low-income families in metropolitan Manila. Indices of hygiene behaviour were defined for overall cleanliness, kitchen hygiene, and living conditions. Only the indices for overall(More)
This is a report on the relationship of disposal of faeces of children under two years old and diarrhoeal incidence from a clinic-based case-control study. Based on data on 275 cases and 381 controls recruited from 16 clinics in Metropolitan Cebu in the Philippines over a five-month period, the results showed that unsanitary disposal of young children's(More)
This study assesses the impact of personal and situational influences on condom use among establishment-based commercial sex workers (CSWs) in the Philippines. Prior research employing bivariate and multivariate statistics for item-level analyses identified situational factors as more important than personal factors on condom use among the CSWs. In the(More)
This study had 2 objectives: 1) to determine whether a case-control approach is an effective measure for assessing the effect of improved sanitation on bacterial diarrhea, and 2) to assess the effects of environmental sanitation on diarrheal disease in Cebu. The study took place during the warm, rainy months (July-September) of 1985. The study population(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of the National Control of Diarrhoeal Disease Programme (NCDDP) in the Philippines over the period 1980-93, describing levels and trends in programme activities, and relating them to severe diarrhoea morbidity and mortality among under-5-year-olds. METHODS Routinely collected data on morbidity and mortality trends were(More)