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We purified CALLA from human kidney and isolated a cDNA clone reactive with two oligonucleotide probes corresponding to two distinct peptides. The amino acid sequence translated from the CALLA cDNA revealed 100% identity with that of human neutral endopeptidase (NEP, enkephalinase). The distribution of CALLA antigen and NEP in normal tissues are similar.
A T-to-C missense mutation at nucleotide position 9,185 in the protein-coding ATP6 gene of the mitochondrial genome was present at high heteroplasmy in members of a Canadian family with Leigh syndrome with predominant ataxia and peripheral neuropathy. This mutation results in the substitution of a proline residue for an evolutionary-conserved leucine at(More)
Mice homozygous for a defect in the PTCD2 (pentatricopeptide repeat domain protein 2) gene were generated in order to study the role of this protein in mitochondrial RNA metabolism. These mice displayed specific but variable reduction of ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex activity in mitochondria of heart, liver and skeletal muscle due to a decrease(More)
LRPPRC (leucine-rich pentatricopeptide repeat-containing) has been shown to be essential for the maturation of COX (cytochrome c oxidase), possibly by stabilizing RNA transcripts of COXI, COXII and COXIII genes encoded in mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA). We established a mouse 'gene-trap' model using ES cells (embryonic stem cells) in which the C-terminus of(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the underlying pathology of Parkinson's Disease (PD). PINK1 deficiency, which gives rise to familial early-onset PD, is associated with this dysfunction as well as increased oxidative stress. We have established primary fibroblast cell lines from two patients with PD who carry mutations in the PINK1 gene. The(More)
Mitochondrial encephalopathies may be caused by mutations in the respiratory chain complex I subunit genes. Described here are the cases of two pediatric patients who presented with MELAS-like calcarine lesions in addition to novel, bilateral rolandic lesions and epilepsia partialis continua, secondary to MT-ND3 mutations. Data were collected included(More)
The mtDNA mutation 8993T > G is associated with neurogenic muscle weakness, ataxia and retinitis pigmentosa (NARP) and Leigh syndrome. There are few reported cases of prenatal testing for mtDNA disorders. Specifically for 8993T > G, there are six cases in which prenatal diagnosis has been reported. We describe prenatal diagnosis in a 36-year-old G3P1 woman(More)
The accessible Ia molecules on the surface of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells were quantitated in the cellular radioimmunoassay with saturating concentrations of monoclonal antibodies. Monoclonal antibody 21w4, like DA/2 antibody, recognizes monomorphic determinants of human Ia antigens. The amount of 21w4 or DA/2 bound to CLL cells derived from(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) is the terminal enzyme of the respiratory chain, with subunits originating both from the mitochondrial and nuclear genome. An eleven-year-old female presented initially with a seizure followed two months later with tonic-clonic seizures, weakness and aphasia. MRI of the cerebral hemispheres showed multiple infarcts. Previous(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activity reflects the expressed level of respiratory chain complexes, mtDNA levels, titer and mass of mitochondria. Activity is also indicative of the overall fitness of mt-transcription factors and the import, transcription and translation of mt-proteins. We have developed a high-throughput assay to measure COX activity using(More)