Jane Anderson

Learn More
BACKGROUND Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (DF) is a nucleotide analogue and a potent inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase and hepatitis B virus (HBV) polymerase. METHODS In two double-blind, phase 3 studies, we randomly assigned patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative or HBeAg-positive chronic HBV infection to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), a nucleotide analogue and potent inhibitor of hepatitis B virus (HBV) polymerase, showed superior efficacy to adefovir dipivoxil in treatment of chronic hepatitis B through 48 weeks. We evaluated long-term efficacy and safety of TDF monotherapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B who were positive or(More)
BACKGROUND Successful antiretroviral treatment is dependent on sustaining high rates of adherence. In the southern African context, only a handful of studies (both quantitative and qualitative) have looked at the determinants including a health behaviour theory of adherence to antiretroviral therapy. The aim of this study is to assess factors including the(More)
BACKGROUND The uridine nucleotide analogue sofosbuvir is a selective inhibitor of hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B polymerase. We assessed the safety and efficacy of sofosbuvir in combination with pegylated interferon alfa-2a (peginterferon) and ribavirin in non-cirrhotic treatment-naive, patients with HCV. METHODS For this open-label, randomised phase 2(More)
Every year, from December to April, anthropogenic haze spreads over most of the North Indian Ocean, and South and Southeast Asia. The Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) documented this Indo-Asian haze at scales ranging from individual particles to its contribution to the regional climate forcing. This study integrates the multiplatform observations(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate life expectancy for people with HIV undergoing treatment compared with life expectancy in the general population and to assess the impact on life expectancy of late treatment, defined as CD4 count <200 cells/mm(3) at start of antiretroviral therapy. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING Outpatient HIV clinics throughout the United Kingdom.(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of CD4 T-cell decline in HIV-1 infection is unclear, but the association with plasma viral RNA load suggests viral replication is involved. Indeed, viremic controller patients with low viral RNA loads typically maintain high CD4 T-cell counts. Within a local cohort of 86 viremic controllers, we identify a subgroup (18 "discord(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to examine factors influencing plasma concentration of efavirenz and nevirapine. METHODS Data from the Liverpool Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) registry were linked with the UK Collaborative HIV Cohort (CHIC) Study. For each patient, the first measurement of efavirenz (600 or 800 mg/day) or nevirapine (400 mg/day)(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to estimate life expectancies of HIV-positive patients conditional on response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS Patients aged more than 20 years who started ART during 2000-2010 (excluding IDU) in HIV clinics contributing to the UK CHIC Study were followed for mortality until 2012. We determined the latest(More)