Jane A. Plumb

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The tetrazolium dye, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), is reduced by live but not dead cells, and this reaction is used as the end point in a rapid drug-screening assay. It can also be used for accurate determinations of drug sensitivity but only if a quantitative relationship is established between cell number and(More)
Loss of DNA mismatch repair because of hypermethylation of the hMLH1 gene promoter occurs at a high frequency in a number of human tumors. A role for loss of mismatch repair (MMR) in resistance to a number of clinically important anticancer drugs has been shown. We have investigated whether the demethylating agent 2'-deoxy-5-azacytidine (DAC) can be used in(More)
PURPOSE To determine the safety, dose-limiting toxicity, maximum tolerated dose, and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of the novel hydroxamate histone deacetylase inhibitor belinostat (previously named PXD101) in patients with advanced refractory solid tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Sequential dose-escalating cohorts of three to six patients(More)
Histone deacetylation and DNA methylation have a central role in the control of gene expression in tumours, including transcriptional repression of tumour suppressor genes and genes involved in sensitivity to chemotherapy. Treatment of cisplatin-resistant cell lines with an inhibitor of DNA methyltransferases, 2-deoxy-5′azacytidine (decitabine), results in(More)
The primary objective of this sub-study, undertaken as an extension to the previously reported phase-I study, was to explore the feasibility, tolerability and pharmacokinetics (PK) of belinostat when administered by the oral route. Preliminary pharmacodynamic (PD) studies were also performed to enable comparison of the biological effects of the oral and(More)
PURPOSE The DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (decitabine) induces DNA demethylation and re-expression of epigenetically silenced genes, and increases carboplatin sensitivity of tumor xenograft models. We designed a clinical study to determine the feasibility of delivering a dose of decitabine, combined with carboplatin, that would be(More)
The incidence of melanoma is increasing rapidly, with advanced lesions generally failing to respond to conventional chemotherapy. Here, we utilized DNA microarray-based gene expression profiling techniques to identify molecular determinants of melanoma progression within a unique panel of isogenic human melanoma cell lines. When a poorly tumorigenic cell(More)
BACKGROUND Telomerase controls telomere homeostasis and cell immortality and is a promising anti-cancer target, but few small molecule telomerase inhibitors have been developed. Reactivated transcription of the catalytic subunit hTERT in cancer cells controls telomerase expression. Better understanding of upstream pathways is critical for effective(More)
Histone acetylation has a central role in the control of gene expression, influencing transcriptional control of many genes, including tumor suppressor genes. PXD101 is a novel hydroxamate-type inhibitor of histone deacetylase activity that inhibits histone deacetylase activity in HeLa cell extracts with an IC(50) of 27 nM and induces a(More)
Multiple DNA methylation changes in the cancer methylome are associated with the acquisition of drug resistance; however it remains uncertain how many represent critical DNA methylation drivers of chemoresistance. Using isogenic, cisplatin-sensitive/resistant ovarian cancer cell lines and inducing resensitizaton with demethylating agents, we aimed to(More)