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The causality principle does not forbid negative group delays of analytic signals in electronic circuits; in particular, the peak of a pulse can leave the exit port of a circuit before it enters the input port. Furthermore, pulse distortion for these "superluminal" analytic signals can be negligible in both the optical and electronic domains. Here we(More)
We have experimentally measured the birefringence in bulk two-dimensional hexagonal photonic crystals in transparent spectral regions above and below the fundamental band gap. Data is presented for structures with different numbers of layers and two different air-filling fractions. We have used these data to design a photonic crystal quarter waveplate and(More)
We show that the orbital angular momentum can be used to unveil lattice properties hidden in diffraction patterns of a simple triangular aperture. Depending on the orbital angular momentum of the incident beam, the far field diffraction pattern reveals a truncated optical lattice associated with the illuminated aperture. This effect can be used to measure(More)
We study numerically the interference resulting from the superposition of two Bessel beams propagating in free space. We discuss how to obtain such beams and show the existence of the self-imaging effect during propagation. The evolution of the superimposed Bessel beams is analyzed on the basis of the evolution of the individual beams. Our exact numerical(More)
We study Zener tunneling in two-dimensional photonic lattices and derive, for the case of hexagonal symmetry, the generalized Landau-Zener-Majorana model describing resonant interaction between high-symmetry points of the photonic spectral bands. We demonstrate that this effect can be employed for the generation of Floquet-Bloch modes and verify the model(More)
We discuss the interband light tunneling in a two-dimensional periodic photonic structure, as studied recently in experiments for optically induced photonic lattices [Trompeter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006)]. We identify the Zener tunneling regime at the crossing of two Bloch bands, which occurs in the generic case of a Bragg reflection when the Bloch(More)
We investigate theoretically and experimentally the decomposition of high-order Bessel beams in terms of a new family of nondiffracting beams, referred as Hermite-Bessel beams, which are solutions of the Helmholtz equation in Cartesian coordinates. Based on this decomposition we develop a geometrical representation of first-order Bessel beams, equivalent to(More)
We demonstrate that Aharonov-Albert-Vaidman weak values have a direct relationship with the response function of a system, and have a much wider range of applicability in both the classical and quantum domains than previously thought. Using this idea, we have built an optical system, based on a birefringent photonic crystal, with an infinite number of weak(More)
We present an experimental and theoretical study of a simple, passive system consisting of a birefringent, two-dimensional photonic crystal and a polarizer in series, and show that superluminal dispersive effects can arise even though no incident radiation is absorbed or reflected. We demonstrate that a vector formulation of the Kramers-Kronig dispersion(More)
We analytically and experimentally study the Fraunhofer diffraction of an optical vortex beam possessing noninteger values of the azimuthal index. We show that the Fraunhofer diffraction of this beam presents the birth of a vortex at α=n+ε, where n is an integer number and ε is a small fraction. We discuss this behavior on the basis of the born vortex(More)