Jand Venes R Medeiros

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The effect of exogenously applied H2O2 on salt stress acclimation was studied with regard to plant growth, lipid peroxidation, and activity of antioxidative enzymes in leaves and roots of a salt-sensitive maize genotype. Pre-treatment by addition of 1 microM H2O2 to the hydroponic solution for 2 days induced an increase in salt tolerance during subsequent(More)
Our objective was to evaluate the role of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activation in the gastroprotective effect of the HO-1/CO pathway against alendronate-induced gastric damage in rats. Rats were pretreated, once daily for 4 days, with saline, hemin (HO-1 inducer), or dimanganese decacarbonyl (DMDC, CO donor). Another group received zinc protoporphyrin(More)
Chronic use of alendronate has been linked to gastrointestinal tract problems. Our objective was to evaluate the role of the NO/cGMP/KATP signaling pathway and nitric oxide synthase expression in alendronate-induced gastric damage. Rats were either treated with the NO donor, sodium nitroprusside (SNP; 1, 3, and 10 mg/kg), or the NO synthase (NOS) substrate,(More)
AIMS The present study aimed to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of carvacryl acetate, a derivative of carvacrol, in mice. MAIN METHODS The anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated using various phlogistic agents that induce paw edema, peritonitis model, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, pro and anti-inflammatory(More)
Studies have shown that diterpenes have anti-inflammatory and redox-protective pharmacological activities. The present study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory properties of phytol, a diterpene alcohol, in a mouse model of acute inflammation, and phytol effect on leukocyte recruitment, cytokines levels, and oxidative stress. The anti-inflammatory(More)
Polysaccharides (PLS) have notably diverse pharmacological properties. In the present study, we investigated the previously unexplored anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities of the PLS fraction isolated from the marine red alga Digenea simplex. We found that the PLS fraction reduced carrageenan-induced edema in a dose-dependent manner, and(More)
Hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S) has shown to relax gastrointestinal muscle. Here in, we evaluated the effects of H(2)S donors on gastric emptying and in pyloric sphincter muscle relaxation, and whether these effects involved K(ATP) channels or TRPV1 receptors. Mice were treated with l-cysteine (alone or with propargylglycine-an inhibitor of H(2)S synthesis),(More)
Many algal species contain relatively high concentrations of polysaccharide substances, a number of which have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and/or immunomodulatory activity. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects in mice of a sulfated polysaccharide fraction (PLS) extracted from the algae Gracilaria caudata.(More)
Our objective was to evaluate the role of heme-oxygenase 1 (HO-1)/biliverdin/CO pathway in gastric defense against ethanol-induced gastric damage in mice. Mice were pre-treated with saline, hemin (HO-1 inducer), biliverdin (HO-1 product), dimanganese decacarbonyl (DMDC, CO donor) or zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP IX, HO-1 antagonist). Another group received(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects of gabapentin (GBP) in mice. The anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects were evaluated using various mediators that induce paw edema, peritonitis model, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, proinflammatory cytokine levels, glutathione (GSH) consumption, and(More)