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Funding for this publication was provided by Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada. The opinions expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the Department. This material may be freely reproduced for non-commercial purposes provided that the source is acknowledged. La présente publication est aussi(More)
1-O-Linolenoyl-2-O-(4-aminobutyryl)-3-O-(4-vinyl-4-aminobutyryl)glycerol (LGV) was synthesized as an example of a prodrug which readily penetrates the blood-brain barrier (brain penetration index 97% +/- 15%) and releases two active substances in the central nervous system (CNS): GABA (4-aminobutanoic acid) and the GABA transaminase inhibitor (GABA-T) of(More)
A series of 14C-labeled and unlabeled di-gamma-aminobutyric acid esters of glyceryl lipids having zero to three double bonds (stearoyl, oleoyl, linoleoyl, and linolenoyl) were synthesized. Measurements of the octanol/water partition coefficients of the compounds showed an increase with decreasing number of double bonds (i.e., from linolenoyl to stearoyl).(More)
Labeled and unlabeled aliphatic and steroid esters of gamma-amino[U-14C]butyric acid (GABA) were synthesized and tested for their capacity to penetrate the blood-brain barrier and for evidence of central neuropharmacological activity in rodents. The uptake of the labeled 9,12,15- octadecatrienyl ( linolenyl ), 3-cholesteryl, 1-butyl, and the 9-fluoro-11(More)
A series of homologous N-alkyl-4-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines was synthesized and examined for a dopamine-like ability to dilate the renal artery. The N-methyl derivative was equipotent to the 3',4'-dihydroxy derivative of the antidepressant agent nomifensine, indicating that the 8-amino group of the latter is not essential for(More)
The hallucinogen analogue trans-2-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)cyclopropylamine was modified by adding a 3-methyl group, either cis or trans with respect to the amino group. These two isomeric cyclopropyl ring-methylated compounds were then tested for activity in the mouse ear-scratch assay and for a contractile effect in the rat fundus preparation.(More)
Two lipid esters of U-14C-labeled and unlabeled gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were synthesized to test the possibility that natural lipid analogues, which resemble normal components of lipid bilayer membranes, can penetrate the blood-brain barrier and transport exogenous GABA to the brain. The uptake of(More)
The structures and absolute configurations of two N-phenethyl substituted cis- and trans-octahydrobenzo[f]quinolines were determined by X-ray crystallography. The absolute configurations of the enantiomers that have high affinity for dopaminergic receptors were found to be (4aR,10bS) and (4aS,10bS) for the (-)-cis- and (-)-trans-8,9-dihydroxy substituted(More)
Cholesteryl gamma-aminobutyrate (C-G) readily crosses the blood-brain barrier and has properties that suggest that it may be a potential gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mimetic compound. The effect of this compound on the orthodromically-evoked discharge of hippocampal pyramidal cells was investigated using slices of rat hippocampus maintained in vitro. The(More)
Two lipid esters of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), 1-linolenoyl-2,3-bis(4-aminobutyryl)propane-1,2,3-triol and 1,2-dilinolenoyl-3-(4-aminobutyryl)propane-1,2,3-triol, were found to have brain uptake indices of greater than 30% using the single-pass carotid artery injection technique. Both compounds produced dose-dependent inhibition of the evoked(More)