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Passive immunization with HIV-1-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is being considered for prevention and treatment of HIV-1 infection. As therapeutic agents, mAbs could be used to suppress active virus replication, maintain suppression induced by antiretroviral therapy (ART), and/or decrease the size of the persistent virus reservoir. We assessed(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is involved in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but the role of TNF polymorphisms in SLE susceptibility remains unclear. Previous studies in different populations report an inconsistent association of the TNF-alpha -308A allele with SLE, sometimes depending on the presence of HLA-DR3. We examined the(More)
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology, associated with an accumulation of CD4+ T cells and a TH1 immune response. Since previous studies of HLA associations with sarcoidosis were limited by serologic or low-resolution molecular identification, we performed high-resolution typing for the HLA-DPB1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1, and HLA-DRB3 loci(More)
OBJECTIVE Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is hypothesized to play a role in the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is important in regulating T cell-mediated immunity, encompassing the first line of response to viral infections, and genetic variation in CTLA-4 has been associated with SLE. This(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)1alpha and IL1beta, and their endogenous receptor antagonist (IL1Ra), have been related to the pathology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but the role of IL1 polymorphisms in the aetiology of SLE is unknown. OBJECTIVE To examine polymorphisms at IL1alpha -889(C-->T), IL1alpha +4845(C-->T), IL1beta -511(C-->T), IL1beta(More)
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is a complex disease with a very high degree of heritability. Linkage and segregation analyses have not been very productive in identifying genes responsible for polygenic diseases such as NIDDM, and the majority of the genes determining susceptibility to this disorder remain to be identified. Using a(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary objective was to determine whether occupational exposure to organic solvents is related to an increased risk of systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma). METHODS Occupational histories were obtained from 178 SSc patients and 200 controls. Exposure scores were computed for each individual using job exposure matrices, which were validated(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) has been proposed as an amplifying agent for at least some of the spectrum of systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma). In support of this hypothesis, antibodies to the HCMV late protein UL94 have been detected in the majority of SSc patients in a study involving Caucasian subjects from Italy. The aim of this investigation was to(More)
There is increasing evidence for the involvement of herpes simplex virus type 1 and human cytomegalovirus in the cognitive impairment of patients with schizophrenia (SCZ). Both herpes simplex virus type 1 and human cytomegalovirus have evolved strategies for decreasing the efficacy of the host immune response and interfering with viral clearance.(More)