Janardan P. Pandey

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The cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4; CD 152) is a negative regulator of T-lymphocyte activation. Particular genotypes of the locus encoding the CTLA-4 glycoprotein have been associated with susceptibility to various autoimmune diseases. To determine their role in susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we genotyped 130(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is involved in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but the role of TNF polymorphisms in SLE susceptibility remains unclear. Previous studies in different populations report an inconsistent association of the TNF-alpha -308A allele with SLE, sometimes depending on the presence of HLA-DR3. We examined the(More)
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology, associated with an accumulation of CD4+ T cells and a TH1 immune response. Since previous studies of HLA associations with sarcoidosis were limited by serologic or low-resolution molecular identification, we performed high-resolution typing for the HLA-DPB1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1, and HLA-DRB3 loci(More)
Passive immunization with HIV-1-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is being considered for prevention and treatment of HIV-1 infection. As therapeutic agents, mAbs could be used to suppress active virus replication, maintain suppression induced by antiretroviral therapy (ART), and/or decrease the size of the persistent virus reservoir. We assessed(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary objective was to determine whether occupational exposure to organic solvents is related to an increased risk of systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma). METHODS Occupational histories were obtained from 178 SSc patients and 200 controls. Exposure scores were computed for each individual using job exposure matrices, which were validated(More)
Adult periodontitis is a complex multifactorial disease whose etiology is not well defined. The pro-inflammatory and bone resorptive properties of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) strongly suggest a role for this cytokine in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. In the study reported here, the frequency of IL-1beta genotypes including allele 2 of the(More)
OBJECTIVE We have recently developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of anti-RNA polymerase III (anti-RNAP III) antibody, using a recombinant fragment containing the immunodominant epitope as the antigen source. This study was conducted to assess the analytical accuracy and clinical associations of the anti-RNAP III ELISA in(More)
A duplication in the fibrillin-1 gene has been implicated as the cause of the tight skin 1 (tsk1) phenotype, an animal model of scleroderma or systemic sclerosis (SSc). In addition to the production of abnormal fibrillin-1 protein, the tsk1 mouse also produces autoantibodies to fibrillin-1. Among a population of Choctaw Native Americans with the highest(More)
We describe the clinical features of 28 patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) and 1 patient with adult-onset dermatomyositis (DM), all of whom developed lipodystrophy (LD) that could be categorized into 1 of 3 phenotypes, generalized, partial, or focal, based on the pattern of fat loss distribution. LD onset was often delayed, beginning a median of(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)1alpha and IL1beta, and their endogenous receptor antagonist (IL1Ra), have been related to the pathology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but the role of IL1 polymorphisms in the aetiology of SLE is unknown. OBJECTIVE To examine polymorphisms at IL1alpha -889(C-->T), IL1alpha +4845(C-->T), IL1beta -511(C-->T), IL1beta(More)