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OBJECTIVE Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is hypothesized to play a role in the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is important in regulating T cell-mediated immunity, encompassing the first line of response to viral infections, and genetic variation in CTLA-4 has been associated with SLE. This(More)
Passive immunization with HIV-1-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is being considered for prevention and treatment of HIV-1 infection. As therapeutic agents, mAbs could be used to suppress active virus replication, maintain suppression induced by antiretroviral therapy (ART), and/or decrease the size of the persistent virus reservoir. We assessed(More)
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is a complex disease with a very high degree of heritability. Linkage and segregation analyses have not been very productive in identifying genes responsible for polygenic diseases such as NIDDM, and the majority of the genes determining susceptibility to this disorder remain to be identified. Using a(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary objective was to determine whether occupational exposure to organic solvents is related to an increased risk of systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma). METHODS Occupational histories were obtained from 178 SSc patients and 200 controls. Exposure scores were computed for each individual using job exposure matrices, which were validated(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) has been proposed as an amplifying agent for at least some of the spectrum of systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma). In support of this hypothesis, antibodies to the HCMV late protein UL94 have been detected in the majority of SSc patients in a study involving Caucasian subjects from Italy. The aim of this investigation was to(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a risk factor for many human diseases, but among exposed individuals, not everyone is equally likely to develop HCMV-spurred diseases, implying the presence of host genetic factors that might modulate immunity to this virus. Here, we show that antibody responsiveness to HCMV glycoprotein B (gB) is significantly associated(More)
There is increasing evidence for the involvement of herpes simplex virus type 1 and human cytomegalovirus in the cognitive impairment of patients with schizophrenia (SCZ). Both herpes simplex virus type 1 and human cytomegalovirus have evolved strategies for decreasing the efficacy of the host immune response and interfering with viral clearance.(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is involved in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but the role of TNF polymorphisms in SLE susceptibility remains unclear. Previous studies in different populations report an inconsistent association of the TNF-alpha -308A allele with SLE, sometimes depending on the presence of HLA-DR3. We examined the(More)
Information related to 31 protein genetic systems was obtained for 307 individuals affiliated with the Cinta Larga, Karitiana, Surui and Kararaô Indians of northern Brazil. In terms of genetic distances the Cinta Larga showed more similarities with the Karitiana (both are Tupi-speaking tribes), while at a more distant level the Surui clustered with the(More)
Immunoglobulin GM and KM allotypes-genetic markers of gamma and kappa chains, respectively-are associated with immune responsiveness to several infectious pathogens and with survival in certain viral epidemics. We hypothesized that GM and KM allotypes affect the outcome of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. To test this hypothesis, we serologically(More)