Janapala Venkateswara Rao

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The acute toxicity and hatching success of four organophosphorus insecticides--acephate (ACEP), chlorpyrifos (CPP), monocrotophos (MCP), and profenofos (PF)--was studied in a short-term bioassay using brine shrimp, Artemia salina. Fifty percent hatchability inhibition concentration and median lethal concentration (LC(50)) values were calculated after probit(More)
Subacute studies of profenofos on mosquito fish, Gambusia affinis, were carried out for 20 days to assess the locomotor behavior and structural integrity of gill in relation to bioaccumulation and targeted enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC 3.1.1.7). The sublethal concentration of 0.13 mg/L (1/5 of LC50) altered locomotor behavior such as distance(More)
The results of the present research study indicate that the heavy metal accumulation in the marine sponges provide evidence as an excellent bioindicators for monitoring heavy metal pollution between near and offshore environments of Mandapam coast of "Gulf of Mannar (GoM), India". The heavy metal concentrations in sea water and accumulation in the tissues(More)
Acute toxicity, morphological alterations and histological effects of an organophosphorus insecticide, profenofos (PFF) to earthworm, Eisenia foetida were evaluated by direct contact through a filter paper. The 24 and 48 h LC(50) was 4.56 and 3.55 microg cm(-2), respectively. Morphological and histological observations showed body ruptures, bloody lesions,(More)
The effect of exposure to sublethal concentrations (0.017 mg L(-1), 1/10 of LC50) of the novel organophosphate (OP) insecticide, 2-butenoic acid-3-(diethoxyphosphinothioyl) methyl ester (RPR-II) on biochemical parameters in Oreochromis mossambicus was studied during exposure for 3, 7, 15, 30 and its recovery response after seven days. Acetylcholinesterase(More)
Different areas in the industrial region of Patancheru near Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh (A.P), India are contaminated with high concentration of arsenic, which is attributed to industrial source like veterinary chemicals, pharmaceuticals, pesticide industries, etc. Fourteen villages of this area of Patancheru were assessed for arsenic contamination by(More)
BACKGROUND AND THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Lercanidipine hydrochloride (LRDP) is used in the treatment of hypertension because of its selectivity and specificity on the smooth vascular cells. The pharmacokinetic parameters make LRDP a suitable candidate for transdermal delivery. The purpose of the study was to select a suitable formulation for the development(More)
The euryhaline fish, Oreochromis mossambicus was exposed to sub-lethal concentration (30 microg/L) of profenofos (PF) for 28 days and allowed to recover for 7 days. Responses were evaluated through antioxidant enzyme activities in various tissues of fish. Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities showed transient increases in(More)
The propargyl alcohol on reaction with alkylazides under Sharpless conditions through click chemistry concept gave exclusively 1,4-disubstituted triazoles 2. The compounds 2 were oxidized to aldehydes 3 followed by reaction with aniline resulted Schiff's bases 4. The compounds 4 was further reacted with various aldehydes having α-hydrogen using molecular(More)
A series of novel alkyltriazole tagged pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives 5 and 6 was prepared starting from 2,3-active functional pyridine 1via cyclization, propargylation followed by reaction with alkyl or perfluoroalkyl azides under Sharpless conditions. All the compounds 5 and 6 were screened for anticancer activity against three cancer cell lines such(More)