Janahanlal Stephen

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Seven-day-old mice were infected orally with murine rotavirus (EDIM) and regions of the gut examined at 24 h intervals up to 7 days by electron microscopy. Structural changes were correlated with data on viral antigen production, thymidine kinase activity, and clinical signs of diarrhea. No pathological changes were detected in the colon. Infection and(More)
We investigated the roles of pneumolysin and neuraminidase in the pathogenesis of deafness and cochlear damage during experimental pneumococcal meningitis. Anesthetized guinea pigs were inoculated intracranially with 7.5 log10 CFU of either (i) wild-type Streptococcus pneumoniae D39 (n = 8), (ii) PLN-A, a defined isogenic derivative of D39 deficient in(More)
Quantitative experiments on the interaction of Salmonella choleraesuis and Salmonella dublin with porcine and bovine intestinal epithelia yielded no evidence to suggest that host restriction of S. choleraesuis and S. dublin for pigs and calves respectively could be explained in terms of the patterns of intestinal invasion observed in ligated ileal loops in(More)
Leucocyte influx into rabbit ileal loops, induced by strains of Salmonella typhimurium of different virulence, was assessed with 111Indium-labelled leucocytes. Strains fell into two groups on the basis of their leucotactic potential: "virulent" strains (which induced fluid secretion) caused a dose-dependent leucocyte influx; strains which did not induce(More)
The effect of purified toxin A and partially purified toxin B on rabbit ileum and colon was investigated. Toxin A caused tissue damage which was followed by permeability changes and fluid accumulation in both tissues. Toxin A did not increase the permeability of the colon to the extent observed for ileum; secreted fluid contained less protein of plasma(More)
The ability of several strains of Clostridium difficile to grow and to produce toxins A and B in complex and defined culture media has been studied with special reference to the amino-acid composition of the medium. The production of these toxins varied with the strain used and with the composition of the growth medium. Toxin A production was not(More)
The abilities of six strains of Salmonella typhimurium to associate with rabbit ileal mucosa have been measured in vitro. Two were "virulent" strains (TML and W118 which are invasive and inducers of fluid secretion in rabbit ileal loops); four were "avirulent" (LT7, M206 and SL1027 which are invasive but induce negligible fluid secretion, and Thax-1 which(More)
TnphoA transposon insertion mutants of phoN-negative derivatives of Salmonella typhimurium TML (of human gastroenteritic origin) were selected by growing mutagenized recipient bacteria under a variety of growth conditions. Ninety-seven individual mutants, which expressed alkaline phosphatase, were collected and tested for their ability to invade HEp-2(More)
Rabbits were solidly immunised by parenteral injection of purified Clostridium difficile toxin A such that they resisted an intravenous challenge with a normally lethal dose of toxin A. Ileal and colonic loops constructed in non-immune and immune animals received challenge injections of crude culture filtrate or purified toxin A of C. difficile. Protection(More)
Mice that did not contain antibodies to rotavirus were orally infected with murine rotavirus (EDIM strain) and observed over 7 days. As judged by ELISA, only the small intestine was infected, not the colon. The infection was biphasic, viral antigen peaks being observed at 48 h and approximately 120 h post-infection. Clinically evident diarrhoea was maximal(More)