Jana Sponarová

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Intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids reduces adipose tissue mass, preferentially in the abdomen. The more pronounced effect of marine-derived eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids on adiposity, compared with their precursor α-linolenic acid, may be mediated by changes in gene expression and metabolism in white fat. The effects of(More)
Omega-3 PUFA of marine origin reduce adiposity in animals fed a high-fat diet. Our aim was to learn whether EPA and DHA could limit development of obesity and reduce cellularity of adipose tissue and whether other dietary FA could influence the effect of EPA/DHA. Weight gain induced by composite high-fat diet in C57BL/6J mice was limited when the content of(More)
As indicated by in vitro studies, both lipogenesis and lipolysis in adipocytes depend on the cellular ATP levels. Ectopic expression of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) in the white adipose tissue of the aP2-Ucp1 transgenic mice reduced obesity induced by genetic or dietary manipulations. Furthermore, respiratory uncoupling lowered the cellular(More)
In vitro experiments suggest that stimulation of lipolysis by catecholamines in adipocytes depends on the energy status of these cells. We tested whether mitochondrial uncoupling proteins (UCPs) that control the efficiency of ATP production could affect lipolysis and noradrenaline signalling in white fat in vivo. The lipolytic effect of noradrenaline was(More)
The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) cascade is a sensor of cellular energy charge that promotes catabolic and inhibits anabolic pathways. However, the role of AMPK in adipocytes is poorly understood. We show that transgenic expression of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 in white fat, which induces obesity resistance in mice, is associated with(More)
Spongiform encephalopathies have been reported to be transmitted by blood transfusion even prior to the clinical onset. Experimental AA-amyloidosis shows similarities with prion disease and amyloid-containing organ-extracts can prime a recipient for the disease. In this systemic form of amyloidosis N-terminal fragments of the acute-phase reactant(More)
Body fat content is controlled, at least in part, by energy charge of adipocytes. In vitro studies indicated that lipogenesis as well as lipolysis depend on cellular ATP levels. Respiratory uncoupling may, through the depression of ATP synthesis, control lipid metabolism of adipose cells. Expression of some uncoupling proteins (UCP2 and UCP5) as well as(More)
The mechanisms controlling fat depot-specific metabolism are poorly understood. During starvation of mice, downregulation of lipogenic genes, suppression of fatty acid synthesis, and increases in lipid oxidation were all more pronounced in epididymal than in subcutaneous fat. In epididymal fat, relatively strong upregulation of uncoupling protein 2 and(More)
Protease inhibitors (PIs) are an important class of drugs for the treatment of HIV infection. However, in the course of treatment, resistant viral variants with reduced sensitivity to PIs often emerge and become a major obstacle to successful control of viral load. On the basis of a compound equipotently inhibiting HIV-1 and 2 proteases (PR), we have(More)
It is becoming evident that insulin resistance of white adipose tissue is a major factor underlying the cardiovascular risk of obesity. Impaired fat storage rather than altered glucose metabolism in adipocytes probably contributes to development of insulin resistance in muscle and other tissues, in particular via increased delivery of nonesterified fatty(More)