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AIMS This study intended to unravel the physiological interplay in an anaerobic microbial community that degrades toluene under sulfate-reducing conditions combining proteomic and genetic techniques. METHODS AND RESULTS An enriched toluene-degrading community (Zz5-7) growing in batch cultures was investigated by DNA- and protein-based analyses. The(More)
Microbes catalyze all major geochemical cycles on earth. However, the role of microbial traits and community composition in biogeochemical cycles is still poorly understood mainly due to the inability to assess the community members that are actually performing biogeochemical conversions in complex environmental samples. Here we applied a polyphasic(More)
Recent research has disclosed a tight connection between obesity, metabolic gut microbial activities and host health. Obtaining a complete understanding of this relationship remains a major goal. Here, we conducted a comparative metagenomic and metaproteomic investigation of gut microbial communities in faecal samples taken from an obese and a lean(More)
We investigated the microbial community in a pilot plant for treatment of acid mine water by biological ferrous iron oxidation using clone library analysis and calculated statistical parameters for further characterization. The microbial community in the plant was conspicuously dominated by a group of Betaproteobacteria affiliated with "Ferribacter(More)
The iron-oxidizing microbial community in two pilot plants for the treatment of acid mine water was monitored to investigate the influence of different process parameters such as pH, iron concentration, and retention time on the stability of the system to evaluate the applicability of this treatment technology on an industrial scale. The dynamics of the(More)
Quinolinic acid is synthesized in E. coli by the enzymes L-aspartate oxidase and quinolinate synthase A, the genes of which are named nadB and nadA. In our previous work we cloned and characterized the two genes (Flachmann, R., Kunz, N., Seifert, J., Gütlich, M., Wientjes, F.J., Läufer, A. & Gassen, H.G. (1988) Eur. J. Biochem. 175, 221-228). Here we report(More)
Biogeochemical and microbiological data indicate that the anaerobic oxidation of non-methane hydrocarbons by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) has an important role in carbon and sulfur cycling at marine seeps. Yet, little is known about the bacterial hydrocarbon degraders active in situ. Here, we provide the link between previous biogeochemical measurements(More)
Dehalococcoides mccartyi strains are obligate organohalide-respiring bacteria harboring multiple distinct reductive dehalogenase (RDase) genes within their genomes. A major challenge is to identify substrates for the enzymes encoded by these RDase genes. We demonstrate an approach that involves blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE)(More)
Schwertmannite has previously been found in iron- and sulfate-rich mine waters at pH 2.8-4.5. In the present study, schwertmannite (Fe(8)O(8)(OH)(6)SO(4)) was shown to be the major mineral in a mine water treatment plant at pH 3, in which ferrous iron is mainly oxidized by bacteria belonging to the species Ferrovum myxofaciens. Strain EHS6, which is closely(More)
Organohalides are environmentally relevant compounds that can be degraded by aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. The denitrifying Thauera chlorobenzoica is capable of degrading halobenzoates as sole carbon and energy source under anaerobic conditions. LC-MS/MS-based coenzyme A (CoA) thioester analysis revealed that 3-chloro- or 3-bromobenzoate were(More)