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Several sugar alcohols (polyols) have been promoted as potential sugar substitutes in caries limitation. However, differences in the effects of simple alditol-type sugar alcohol homologues on dental plaque have not been compared in clinical tests. The effects of 6-month use of erythritol (a sugar alcohol of the tetritol type), xylitol (a pentitol) and(More)
Caries has traditionally been assessed with WHO criteria including only obvious caries lesions. ICDAS has been developed to detect also the enamel caries lesions. This study aims to study caries and the associations of the number of caries lesions between the permanent and primary molars with ICDAS in the mixed dentition of the first and second grade(More)
AIM This was to study prospectively a cohort of children as to whether behaviour at a 3-year examination, exposure to medical care and operative dental treatment are associated with each other, and with the level of dental apprehension at 9 years of age. METHODS Data were collected at three subsequent dental examinations of 126 children (67 boys, 59(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of long-term, daily intake of erythritol and xylitol candy, compared with sorbitol candy, on the development of enamel and dentin caries lesions. METHODS The study was a double-blind randomized controlled prospective clinical trial. Altogether 485 primary school children, first- and second-graders(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to assess the caries experience among first- and second-grade children in the elementary schools of southeastern Estonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS A representative sample of 485 children was studied. The mean age of children in the first grade was 7.8 years (SD = 0.35) and in the second grade 8.8 years (0.38). The clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the dental health and presence of mutans streptococci (MS) in 2-4-year-old Estonian children. METHODS The dental health of 472 2-4-year-old children was examined using a mirror and a penlight in 14 daycare centres representing seven communities around Estonia. The mean (+/-SD) age of the children was(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of daily consumption of erythritol, xylitol, and sorbitol candies on caries development in mixed dentition during a 3-year intervention and 3 years after the intervention. METHODS 485 Estonian first- and second-grade primary school children participated. Children were randomly allocated to an erythritol, xylitol, or sorbitol(More)
Dental caries is a common well-known multifactorial disease which affects most of the people. Parents can be the main factor in avoiding dental caries in their children. The level and the time of acquisition of mutans streptococci (MS) in infants is important, since caries risk in permanent dentition may be dependent on early colonization with MS. Parents’(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the present paper is to report results from oral biologic studies carried out in connection with a caries study. METHODS Samples of whole-mouth saliva and dental plaque were collected from initially 7- to 8-year-old subjects who participated in a 3-year school-based programme investigating the effect of the consumption of(More)