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Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (Sm) plays an important role as an opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised individuals. The growing detection rates of this bacterium in hospitalized patients are associated with the invasiveness of therapeutic and diagnostic procedures and the selection pressure of antibiotic therapy. A broad range of infections that can be… (More)
Clostridium difficile is a major nosocomial pathogen of present times. The analysis of 624 C. difficile strains from 11 hospitals in the Czech Republic in 2013 revealed that 40 % of isolates belonged to ribotype 176. These results suggest that the incidence of CDI (C. difficile infection) in the Czech Republic has increased probably in connection with C.… (More)
Antibiotic profiling of twenty Czech Clostridium difficile PCR-ribotype 176 isolates revealed a high level of resistance to erythromycin, ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin (n = 20) and to rifampicin (n = 13). Accumulation of resistance mechanisms to multiple antibiotics highlight that PCR-ribotype 176 belong to problematic epidemic strains.
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea. Given an increasing CDI incidence and global spread of epidemic ribotypes, a 1-year study was performed to analyse the molecular characteristics of C. difficile isolates and associated clinical outcomes from patients diagnosed with CDI in the Internal Medicine… (More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Comparison of two commercially avail-able tests for the detection of Clostridium difficile Glutamate Dehydrogenase (GDH) and toxins A and B for their sensitivity and specificity. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty-six stool samples from patients hospitalised in the Motol University Hospital were analysed. GDH and toxins A and B were assayed in… (More)
The first case of Clostridium difficile RT027 infection in the Czech Republic (CZ) was identified. The patient had been hospitalised in Germany prior to moving to CZ. Multiple-Locus Variable number tandem repeat Analysis revealed a genetic relatedness between the patient's isolate and RT027 isolate collected in the German hospital.
AIM To perform a retrospective analysis of the high occurrence of Clostridium difficile infection in the surgical department of a Czech tertiary care hospital and to identify weaknesses in C. difficile infection (CDI) prevention and control policies. METHODS Clinical and epidemiological data on eleven CDI cases were collected. C. difficile isolates were… (More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) and to characterise the isolates in 14 departments of ten academic hospitals in Slovakia. During a one-month study (September 2012) all unformed stool samples were investigated using a rapid test to detect the presence of GDH and toxins A/B. Positive samples… (More)
In recent years, Clostridium difficile has been among the most important nosocomial pathogens. It causes intestinal infectious diseases detectable by numerous laboratory methods. Given the severity of the diseases, some tests have proved inadequately sensitive. The article summarizes the first experience with the latest kits for early and sensitive… (More)