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The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of different virulence factor (VF) genes in extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli strains isolated from the Baltic Sea region. A total of 432 strains of phenotypically ESBL positive E. coli were collected from 20 institutions located in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and the(More)
The spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is a global problem; however, no exact data on the epidemiology of carbapenemase in the Baltic countries and St. Petersburg area is available. We aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in the Baltic States and St. Petersburg, Russia,(More)
PURPOSE In general, articles on diagnostic tests have a very poor methodological quality. If we translate their conclusions to daily practice without a proper analysis it is easy to see a typical trend: physicians use new (and expensive) tests without increasing diagnostic capacity; they only increase the health budget. Evidence-based medicine (EBM)(More)
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