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AIMS At present, clinical success of hepatocyte transplantation as an alternative to whole liver transplantation is hampered by the limited availability of suitable donor organs for the isolation of transplantable hepatocytes. Hence, novel cell sources are required to deliver hepatocytes of adequate quality for clinical use. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)(More)
UNLABELLED We characterized the functional properties of mesenchymal stem cells from various human tissues for their potential to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells in vitro. METHODS Mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from human bone marrow (hBM-MSC) and peritoneal and subcutaneous adipose tissues (hpAT-MSC and hsAT-MSC) based on their capacity to(More)
Tumor-integrating multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) expressing transgenes with anti-tumor activity may serve as vehicles for tumor therapy. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) represents such a factor; however, TRAIL-resistant tumor cells exist. Based on our previous work, here we investigated whether MSC with(More)
For various potential clinical applications, the use of autologous human MSCs (hMSCs) would be favorable. In vitro observations suggested that hMSCs are resistant for chemotherapeutic substances; however, no data exist on the characteristics of hMSCs from bone marrow (BM) of chemotherapeutically treated patients. Here, we analyzed the character of hMSCs(More)
OCT4 is considered a main regulator of embryonic stem cell pluripotency and self renewal capacity. It was shown that relevant OCT4 expression only occurs in cells of embryonic pluripotent nature. However, several recent publications claimed to have demonstrated OCT4 expression in human somatic tumor cells, human adult stem or progenitor cells and(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to communicate with tumor cells. We analyzed the effect of human MSCs (hMSCs) on breast cancer cells in three-dimensional cultures. By using GFP expression and immunohistochemistry, we show that hMSCs invade 3D breast cancer cell aggregates. hMSCs caused breast cancer spheroids to become disorganized which was(More)
Tumor-stroma interactions play an essential role in the biology of colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) may represent a pivotal part of the stroma in CRC, but little is known about the specific interaction of MSC with CRC cells derived from tumors with different mutational background. In previous studies we observed that(More)
A continuous monitoring of the whole tumor burden of individuals in orthotopic tumor models is a desirable aim and requires non-invasive imaging methods. Here we investigated whether quantification of a xenograft tumor intrinsic fluorescence signal can be used to evaluate tumor growth and response to chemotherapy. Stably fluorescence protein (FP) expressing(More)
Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) constitutes a common malignancy with limited therapeutic options in metastasized stages. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) home to tumours and may therefore serve as a novel therapeutic tool for intratumoral delivery of antineoplastic factors. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) which promises(More)
Stromal cells, such as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), play a role in cancer progression. To analyze their ability to modulate drug response, we generated spheroids of MCF-7 or MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells in the absence or presence of human (h)MSCs or hCAFs and tested the susceptibility of the breast cancer(More)