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Milk fat is a complex mixture of geometric and positional isomers of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated, including short-, long- and branch-chain fatty acids (FAs). There has been partial success to resolve this mixture of FAs using different GC temperature programs, or a combination of GC isothermal and temperature programs. To overcome the problem(More)
The uniqueness of ruminant milk lipids is based on their high concentration of CLA. Maximal CLA concentrations in milk lipids require optimal conditions of ruminal fermentation and substrate availability, conditions like those present in pasture-fed cows. Our previous work showed that farm management (indoor feeding vs. pasture feeding) markedly influenced(More)
The objective of this investigation was to provide a comprehensive analysis of the total lipid composition of present-day retail beef meat available at the consumer level and to evaluate the total lipid composition with special emphasis on the nutritional value. For this purpose, 40 beef cuts were obtained from four cattle farms based on either a natural(More)
The hippocampi of two 1-year-old female baboons (Papio anubis) were used for a combined Golgi/electron microscope (EM) study of characteristic cell types in the hippocampus proper and fascia dentata. Results were compared with previous Golgi/EM studies of hippocampal neurons in small laboratory animals. Cell bodies of pyramidal neurons in CA1 were more(More)
Trans-fatty acid consumption from partially hydrogenated vegetable oil (PHVO) has been positively associated with multiple cardiovascular disease risk factors and events. This study was designed to examine the effects of trans-fatty acid isomer profile of PHVO on plasma lipids and lipoproteins and hepatic expression of key genes involved in cholesterol and(More)
Lifetime breast cancer risk reflects an unresolved combination of early life factors including diet, body mass index, metabolic syndrome, obesity, and age at first menses. In parallel, the onset of allometric growth by the mammary glands around puberty is widely held to be estrogen (E)-dependent. Here we report that several physiological changes associated(More)
Recent evidence has suggested that mitochondrial dysfunction may lead to impaired neurotransmitter exocytosis in transgenic Huntington's disease (HD) model mice. To gain insight into the impact of mitochondrial impairment on striatal dopamine release in vivo, we used fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) at carbon fiber microelectrodes to measure dopamine(More)
The present study evaluated and compared the efficiency of the conversion of t11 18:1 and t12 18:1 to their corresponding dienoic acids (c9,tn 18:2) and assessed whether differences due to gender existed in several tissues of rats. Three groups of 4-wk-old male and female rats were fed for 3 wk a diet supplemented with 0, 0.5, or 1% of a trans-octadecenoic(More)
The aim of this human intervention study was to evaluate the Delta9-desaturation of trans-11-18 : 1 (trans-vaccenic acid; tVA) to cis-9,trans-11-18 : 2 (c9,t11 conjugated linoleic acid; CLA) and of trans-12-18 : 1 (t12) to cis-9,trans-12-18 : 2 after a short-term (7 d) and a long-term (42 d) supplementation period. The conversion rates of both trans-18 : 1(More)
BACKGROUND High consumption of trans fat has been associated with high oxidative stress in humans, which could increase the risk of the development or acceleration of several diseases, such as atherosclerosis, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE Several urinary and blood biomarkers of oxidative stress [8-iso-prostaglandin-F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)),(More)