Jana Královic̆ová

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Auxiliary splicing signals play a major role in the regulation of constitutive and alternative pre-mRNA splicing, but their relative importance in selection of mutation-induced cryptic or de novo splice sites is poorly understood. Here, we show that exonic sequences between authentic and aberrant splice sites that were activated by splice-site mutations in(More)
Missense, nonsense, and translationally silent mutations can inactivate genes by altering the inclusion of mutant exons in mRNA, but their overall frequency among disease-causing exonic substitutions is unknown. Here, we have tested missense and silent mutations deposited in the BRCA1 mutation databases of unclassified variants for their effects on exon(More)
Despite a growing number of splicing mutations found in hereditary diseases, utilization of aberrant splice sites and their effects on gene expression remain challenging to predict. We compiled sequences of 346 aberrant 50splice sites (50ss) that were activated by mutations in 166 human disease genes. Mutations within the 50ss consensus accounted for 254(More)
Despite a growing number of splicing mutations found in hereditary diseases, utilization of aberrant splice sites and their effects on gene expression remain challenging to predict. We compiled sequences of 346 aberrant 5'splice sites (5'ss) that were activated by mutations in 166 human disease genes. Mutations within the 5'ss consensus accounted for 254(More)
Cryptic exons or pseudoexons are typically activated by point mutations that create GT or AG dinucleotides of new 5' or 3' splice sites in introns, often in repetitive elements. Here we describe two cases of tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency caused by mutations improving the branch point sequence and polypyrimidine tracts of repeat-containing pseudoexons in(More)
We compiled sequences of previously published aberrant 3' splice sites (3'ss) that were generated by mutations in human disease genes. Cryptic 3'ss, defined here as those resulting from a mutation of the 3'YAG consensus, were more frequent in exons than in introns. They clustered in approximately 20 nt region adjacent to authentic 3'ss, suggesting that(More)
We show that the allele-dependent expression of transcripts encoding soluble HLA-DQbeta chains is determined by branchpoint sequence (BPS) haplotypes in DQB1 intron 3. BPS RNAs associated with low inclusion of the transmembrane exon in mature transcripts showed impaired binding to splicing factor 1 (SF1), indicating that alternative splicing of DQB1 is(More)
A 77G allele of the gene encoding CD45, also known as the protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor-type C gene (PTPRC), has been associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Here we determine allele frequencies in large numbers of MS patients, primary immunodeficiencies linked to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) locus and over 1,000 controls to assess(More)
The branch point sequence (BPS) is a conserved splicing signal important for spliceosome assembly and lariat intron formation. BPS mutations may result in aberrant pre-mRNA splicing and genetic disorders, but their phenotypic consequences have been difficult to predict, largely due to a highly degenerate nature of the BPS consensus. Here, we have examined(More)
Alternative splicing of HLA-DQB1 exon 4 is allele-dependent and results in variable expression of soluble DQbeta. We have recently shown that differential inclusion of this exon in mature transcripts is largely due to intron 3 variants in the branch point sequence (BPS) and polypyrimidine tract. To identify additional regulatory cis-elements that contribute(More)