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1. The purpose of the present study was to analyse the incidence and type of coordination between breathing rhythm and leg movements during running and to assess the effect of co-ordination on the running efficiency, as well as to compare the results with those found during cycling. 2. The experiments were carried out on thirty-four untrained volunteers(More)
The study was carried out on ten triathletes, six sprinters and ten subjects not trained in running (controls) to assess the effects of training history on the co-ordination between breathing and running rhythms during running on a treadmill. Three exercise intensities were used: 50%, 80% and 110% of the subject's anaerobic threshold (AT). All three(More)
The relationship between pedalling- and breathing rhythm was studied in 34 medical students (“non-cyclists”) and 10 racing cyclists on an electromagnetic bicycle-ergometer, the effective work load of which (50 W, 100 W, 150 W, 200 W) was independent of the pedalling rate. The criteria used were integer p/b ratios (pedalling rate being a multiple of(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of exercise induced hyperventilation and hypocapnia on airway resistance (R aw), and to try to answer the question whether a reduction of R aw is a mechanism contributing to the increase of endurance time associated with a reduction of exercise induced hyperventilation as for example has been(More)
Coordination of the respiratory rhythm with the rhythm of limb movements has often been observed during rhythmical exercise (e.g. in locomotion). It is usually associated with changes in the respiratory time course, but not in the locomotor rhythm. Therefore, we hypothesised that in walking, the extent of coordination-related changes (CRC) in respiratory(More)
OBJECTIVE Enlargement of the junctional zone (JZ) on T2-weighted resonance imaging of the uterus has recently been established as the major criterion for adenomyosis in patients with endometriosis. This study was conducted to analyse the extent of adenomyosis using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and relate it to the duration of dysmenorrhoea. STUDY(More)
ADAMs (A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease) are multifunctional, membrane-bound cell surface glycoproteins, which have numerous functions in cell growth, differentiation, and motility. We wished to investigate the expression of ADAM 9, 10, 12, 15, and in human breast cancer. Expression of ADAMs was determined in breast cancer specimens and the corresponding(More)
Elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), are assumed to be related to delayed vasospasm after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). However, data on CSF concentrations of L-arginine, ADMA and its structural isomer symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) are very(More)
To investigate interactions between neural (movement) and chemical (hypoxia) respiratory drives during exercise, we analyzed coordination between breathing and cycling rhythms in normoxia (N) and hypoxia (H, 14.5% O2). Twenty women [28 (1) years old] cycled for 6 min at three workloads (55%, 75%, and 95% peak oxygen consumption, V˙O2peak; WL1, WL2, and(More)
The influence of the degree of coupling between the breathing and cycling rhythms (K) on oxygen uptake $$\dot V_{O_2 } $$ was examined in 30 volunteers. They cycled on an ergometer with a load equal to 50% of their work capacity 170 in two experimental runs with spontaneous breathing rhythm, and in a further two runs with acoustically triggered breathing. K(More)