Jana Kasparkova

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The trinuclear BBR3464 ([{trans-PtCl(NH(3))(2)}(2)µ-(trans-Pt(NH(3))(2)(H(2)N(CH(2))(6)NH(2))(2))](4+)) belongs to the polynuclear class of platinum-based anticancer agents. DNA adducts of this complex differ significantly in structure and type from those of clinically used mononuclear platinum complexes, especially, long-range (Pt, Pt) intrastrand and(More)
When antitumor platinum drugs react with DNA they form various types of intrastrand and interstrand cross-links (CLs). One class of new antitumor platinum compounds comprises bifunctional PtII compounds based on the dinuclear or trinuclear geometry of leaving ligands. It has been shown that the DNA-binding modes of dinuclear or trinuclear bifunctional PtII(More)
Replacement of one ammine in clinically ineffective trans-[PtCl2(NH3)2] (transplatin) by a planar N-heterocycle, thiazole, results in significantly enhanced cytotoxicity. Unlike 'classical' cisplatin {cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2]} or transplatin, modification of DNA by this prototypical cytotoxic transplatinum complex trans-[PtCl2(NH3)(thiazole)] (trans-PtTz) leads to(More)
Antitumor cisplatin [cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II)] forms on DNA predominantly intrastrand cross-links between neighboring purine residues. Several discoveries suggested that the toxicity of cisplatin originated from these lesions. The formation of 1,2-GG intrastrand cross-link of cisplatin leads to marked conformational alterations in DNA including a(More)
Platinum diam(m)ine complexes, such as cisplatin, are successful anticancer drugs, but suffer from problems of resistance and side-effects. Photoactivatable Pt(IV) prodrugs offer the potential of targeted drug release and new mechanisms of action. We report the synthesis, X-ray crystallographic and spectroscopic properties of photoactivatable diazido(More)
The cisplatin analogues cis-[PtCl2(3ClHaza)2] (1) and cis-[PtCl2(3IHaza)2] (2) (3ClHaza and 3IHaza are 3-chloro-7-azaindole and 3-iodo-7-azaindole, respectively) are quite toxic to ovarian tumor cells, with moderately better IC50 values than for cisplatin in the cisplatin-sensitive cell line A2780. We investigated potential factors which might be involved(More)
Nuclear DNA is the target responsible for anticancer activity of platinum anticancer drugs. Their activity is mediated by altered signals related to programmed cell death and the activation of various signaling pathways. An example is activation of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB). Binding of NF-κB proteins to their consensus sequences in DNA (κB sites) is the(More)
The effects of major DNA intrastrand cross-links of antitumor dinuclear PtII complexes [{trans-PtCl(NH3)2}2-μ-{trans-(H2N(CH2)6NH2(CH2)2NH2(CH2)6NH2)}]4+ (1) and [{PtCl(DACH)}2-μ-{H2N(CH2)6NH2(CH2)2NH2(CH2)6NH2)}]4+ (2) (DACH is 1,2-diaminocyclohexane) on DNA stability were studied with emphasis on thermodynamic origins of that stability.(More)
In this article we review the biological activity of analogs of the antitumor drug cisplatin that contain chiral amine ligands. Interaction with DNA and formation of cross-links with adjacent purine bases are considered to be the crucial steps in the antitumor activity of this class of complexes. Because double-helical DNA has a chiral structure,(More)
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