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PURPOSE Leber Congenital Amaurosis (LCA) is one of the most severe inherited retinal dystrophies with the earliest age of onset. This study was a mutational analysis of eight genes (AIPL1, CRB1, CRX, GUCY2D, RPE65, RPGRIP1, MERTK, and LRAT) in 299 unrelated Spanish families, containing 42 patients with initial diagnosis of LCA: 107 with early-onset(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in the ABCA4 gene have been associated with autosomal recessive Stargardt disease (STGD), a few cases of autosomal recessive cone-rod dystrophy (arCRD), and autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP). The purpose of this study was to compare high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis with denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
PURPOSE Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is the most severe inherited retinopathy with the earliest age of onset. To date, eleven genes have been reported to cause the non-syndromic LCA phenotype. The CEP290 gene has been shown to account for Joubert and Senior-Loken syndromes and to represent a frequent cause of non-syndromic LCA. The aim of the present(More)
PURPOSE Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by progressive loss of vision. The aim of this study was to identify the causative mutations in 272 Spanish families using a genotyping microarray. METHODS 272 unrelated Spanish families, 107 with autosomal recessive RP (arRP) and 165 with sporadic RP (sRP), were(More)
PURPOSE Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetically heterogeneous group of inherited retinopathies. Up to now, 39 genes and loci have been implicated in nonsyndromic RP, yet the genetic bases of >50% of the cases, particularly of the recessive forms, remain unknown. A novel gene (CERKL) has been described as associated with RP26. It encodes a ceramide kinase(More)
Creatine transporter (CT) deficiency is an X-linked disorder caused by mutations in the SLC6A8 gene. We describe a clinical, biochemical and molecular examination of a child with X-linked cerebral creatine deficiency. Increased urinary creatine/creatinine ratio, abnormal brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and reduced creatine transport confirmed(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in ABCA4 have been associated with autosomal recessive Stargardt disease, autosomal recessive cone-rod dystrophy, and autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) associations among mutations and polymorphisms and (2) the role of the polymorphisms as protector/risk factors. METHODS A(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to describe the spectrum of mutations in the ABCA4 gene found in Spanish patients affected with several retinal dystrophies. METHODS Sixty Spanish families with different retinal dystrophies were studied. Samples were analyzed for variants in all 50 exons of the ABCA4 gene by screening with the ABCR400 microarray, and(More)
PURPOSE Stargardt disease (STGD) is the most common juvenile macular dystrophy, characterized by central visual impairment. All recessively inherited cases are thought to be due to mutations in the ABCA4 gene, mapped to 1p21-p13. METHODS To describe a form of non-mendelian inheritance in a patient with STGD identified through the course of a conventional(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide a comprehensive overview of all detected mutations in the ABCA4 gene in Spanish families with autosomal recessive retinal disorders, including Stargardt's disease (arSTGD), cone-rod dystrophy (arCRD), and retinitis pigmentosa (arRP), and to assess genotype-phenotype correlation and disease progression in 10 years by considering the type(More)