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BACKGROUND Drug resistance, a process mediated by multiple mechanisms, is a critical determinant for treating lung cancer. The aim of this study is to determine if oleanolic acid (OA), a pentacyclic triterpene present in several plants, is able to circumvent the mechanisms of drug resistance present in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and to(More)
Plants are known as important source in the search for new anti-cancer agents. Cytotoxicity-guided fractionation of leaves and fruits from Licania tomentosa Bench and leaves from Chrysobalanus icaco L. resulted in the isolation of betulinic, oleanolic and pomolic acids. These triterpenoids inhibited the growth and induced apoptosis of K562, an(More)
Standard treatment of glioblastoma multiforme consisting of surgical resection, radiation and/or chemotherapy is rarely curative, emphasizing the need for new chemotherapeutic drugs. The monoterpene perillyl alcohol (POH) has preventive and therapeutic effects in a wide variety of pre-clinical tumor models and is currently under phase I and II clinical(More)
One of the major goals in chemotherapy is to circumvent anti-apoptotic strategies developed by tumor cells. In a previous paper, we showed that pomolic acid (PA) is able to kill the leukemia cell line K562 and its MDR derivative, Lucena 1. Here, we demonstrated that PA-induced apoptosis of HL-60 cells is dependent on the activation of caspases-3 and -9 and(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is multifactorial and may be mediated by overexpression of anti-apoptotic proteins. This paper investigated whether pomolic acid (PA) was able to overcome resistance mediated by overexpression of Bcl-2 or BcL-xL. The results obtained showed that overexpression of these proteins partially inhibited the PA-induced apoptosis, loss of(More)
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1/ABCC1) is a very promiscuous transporter. Herein we used topological polar surface area (TPSA), a descriptor defined as the sum of surfaces of polar atoms in a molecule, to analyze drug transport by MRP1. We suggested that compounds with high TPSA are transported while those with low TPSA are not. The(More)
We analysed the effects of oleanolic acid (OA) on lung mechanics and histology and its possible mechanisms of action in experimental acute lung injury (ALI). BALB/c mice were randomly divided into Control (saline, ip) and ALI (paraquat, 25 mg/kg, ip) groups. At 1 h, both groups were treated with saline (SAL, 50 μl ip), OA (10 mg/kg ip), or dexamethasone(More)
Cancer cells display high proliferation rates and survival provided by high glycolysis, chemoresistance and radioresistance, metabolic features that appear to be activated with malignancy, and seemed to have arisen as early in evolution as in unicellular/prokaryotic organisms. Based on these assumptions, we hypothesize that aggressive phenotypes found in(More)
In rural areas, riparian forest remnants can be very important for the maintenance and improvement of stream water quality. We evaluated if a forest remnant influenced stream water quality, and if these results were influenced by forest structure. We sampled reaches from 140 m upstream of the remnant edge until 600 m within the forest remnant. Electric(More)
Oncogenes are the primary candidates for target-directed therapy, given that they are involved directly in the progression and resistance of tumors. However, the appearance of point mutations can hinder the treatment of patients with these new molecules, raising costs and the need to development new analogs that target the novel mutations. Based on an(More)