Jan zur Megede

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We have previously shown that rhesus macaques were partially protected against high-dose intravenous challenge with simian-human immunodeficiency virus SHIV(SF162P4) following sequential immunization with alphavirus replicon particles (VRP) of a chimeric recombinant VEE/SIN alphavirus (derived from Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus [VEE] and the Sindbis(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the immunogenicity of sequence-modified HIV env and gag in baboons using DNA prime and protein boost strategy. METHODS Synthetic sequence-modified HIV gene cassettes were constructed that expressed three different forms of Env proteins, gp140, gp140mut and gp140TM, plus or minus a mutation in the protease-cleavage site. These(More)
Several studies have demonstrated that newborn animals are more susceptible to disease development following infection with retroviruses than adults. Adult African green monkeys (AGMs) infected with SIVagm do not develop AIDS-like disease and the objective of the study was to determine whether experimental infection of newborn AGMs with SIVagm would result(More)
During the asymptomatic phase of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection the lymphatic tissues seem to function as a major reservoir of HIV. We have examined the viral load in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and lymph node mononuclear cells (LNMC) of 12 naturally and 4 experimentally long-term simian Immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected(More)
We determined if the genetic adjuvants, granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and B7-2, could improve the immunogenicity and efficacy of an HIV-2 DNA vaccine. The vaccine consisted of the HIV-2 tat, nef, gag, and env genes synthesized using optimized codons and formulated with cationic liposomes. Baboons (Papio cynocephalus hamadryas)(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) particles incorporate a trimeric envelope complex (Env) made of gp120 (SU) and gp41 (TM) heterodimers. It has been previously established that soluble CD4 (sCD4) interaction leads to shedding of gp120 from viral particles, and that gp120 may also be easily lost from virions during incubation or particle(More)
The potency of an HIV DNA vaccine was enhanced in rhesus macaques by in vivo electroporation, as judged by increased onset, magnitude and duration of antibody and cell-mediated immune responses against both components of a combination Gag and Env vaccine. These data demonstrate the utility of the electroporation technology for use in large animals.
An increasing number of African primate species have been shown to be infected in the wild with their own distinct variants of simian immunodeficiency virus. The most striking feature of these natural host systems is the lack of AIDS-like disease despite long-term infection. In the African green monkey (AGM)/SIVagm system there is no evidence that a(More)
No licensed vaccines are available to protect against parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3), a significant health risk for infants. In search of a safe vaccine, we used an alphavirus-based chimeric vector, consisting of Sindbis virus (SIN) structural proteins and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEE) replicon RNA, expressing the PIV3(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype C has become the major etiological agent in the global and especially African epidemic. To gain better understanding of the genetic diversity and rapid transmission of HIV-1 subtype C, we have characterized the complete 5' long terminal repeat (LTR) region along with the regulatory genes tat and rev as(More)