Jan van den Broek

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There is a paucity of knowledge on microbial community diversity and naturally occurring seasonal variations in agricultural soil. For this purpose the soil microbial community of a wheat field on an experimental farm in The Netherlands was studied by using both cultivation-based and molecule-based methods. Samples were taken in the different seasons over a(More)
The outcome of E. coli mastitis in cows ranges from mild to severe in individual animals. This study explored the hypothesis that milk from individual cows differs in its growth medium properties for E. coli, and whether possible variation could be related to specific milk constituents. To mimic the early phase of intramammary E. coli infection, a low(More)
The purpose of this study was to find the economically optimal period of first conception in gilts, addressing the issues of lifetime reproductive performance and expected herd life. A profit equation was used to combine the effects into one economic parameter. The data were from 14,910 gilts on 54 farms throughout The Netherlands. The average number of(More)
In this study, the contribution of management practices, herd characteristics, and seasonal variables to the herd somatic cell count (SCC) was quantified in herds with low (<150,000 cells/mL), medium (150,000-200,000 cells/mL), and high (>200,000 cells/mL) herd SCC (HSCC). Selection of the variables was performed using a linear mixed effect model; HSCC was(More)
Palaearctic Culicoides midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) represent a vital link in the northward advance of certain arboviral pathogens of livestock such as that caused by bluetongue virus. The effects of relevant ecological factors on weekly Culicoides vector abundances during the bluetongue virus serotype 8 epidemics in the Netherlands in 2007 and 2008(More)
Many cow-specific risk factors for clinical mastitis (CM) are known. Other studies have analyzed these risk factors separately or only analyzed a limited number of risk factors simultaneously. The goal of this study was to determine the influence of cow factors on the incidence rate of CM (IRCM) with all cow factors in one multivariate model. Also, using a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate propagation velocity of acoustic waves through the lens and vitreous body of pigs, dogs, and rabbits and determine whether there were associations between acoustic wave speed and age, temperature, and time after enucleation. SAMPLE POPULATION 9 pig, 40 dog, and 20 rabbit lenses and 16 pig, 17 dog, and 23 rabbit vitreous bodies. (More)
The aim of this study was to determine a relationship between vaccine potency (amount of PD50 per dose) and fraction of clinically protected cattle following homologous challenge with infectious foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus, and to determine the effect of method of fractionation, serotype, type of adjuvant, valency and type of virus culture on the(More)
In 12 healthy cows, neutrophil alkaline phosphatase (NAP) activity was measured by flow cytometer before and during an experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis, to study the role and increase of NAP in Gram-negative bacterial infections. Percentage of neutrophils containing alkaline phosphatase and intensity of NAP activity were measured.(More)
In this study, we investigated the change in the resistance of Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from Dutch broilers against erythromycin and virginiamycin in 1998, 1999 and 2001 by logistic regression analysis and survival analysis. The E. faecium strains were isolated from caecal samples that had been randomly collected from six slaughterhouses.(More)