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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive dementia. Amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta), a 39-43 amino acid peptide derived from beta-amyloid precursor protein, forms insoluble fibrillar aggregates that have been linked to neuronal and vascular degeneration in AD and cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Here we demonstrate that(More)
Amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta)-induced death in cerebral endothelial cells (CECs) is preceded by mitochondrial dysfunction and signaling events characteristic of apoptosis. Mitochondria-dependent apoptosis engages Bcl-2 family proteins, especially the BH3-only homologues, which play a key role in initiating the apoptotic cascade. Here, we report that the(More)
Methylprednisolone (MP) is used to treat a variety of neurological disorders involving white matter injury, including multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and spinal cord injury (SCI). Although its mechanism of action has been attributed to anti-inflammatory or antioxidant properties, we examined the possibility that MP may have direct(More)
It has been postulated that the development of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may result from an imbalance between the generation and clearance of the amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta). Although familial AD appears to be caused by Abeta overproduction, sporadic AD (the most prevalent form) may result from impairment in clearance. Recent evidence(More)
Amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) accumulation in senile plaques, a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD), has been implicated in neuronal degeneration. We have recently demonstrated that Abeta induced oligodendrocyte (OLG) apoptosis, suggesting a role in white matter pathology in AD. Here, we explore the molecular mechanisms involved in(More)
Methylprednisolone (MP), a glucocorticoid, is the only effective therapeutic agent used in the clinical treatment of acute spinal cord injury (SCI). MP given within 8 hr after SCI significantly improves neurological function. Although the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is suggested to mediate MP actions, limited knowledge is available on its expression and(More)
Although mRNA expression of group IIA secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) has been implicated in responses to injury in the CNS, information on protein expression remains unclear. In this study, we investigated temporal and spatial expression of sPLA2-IIA mRNA and immunoreactivity in transient focal cerebral ischemia induced in rats by occlusion of the(More)
The deposition of β-amyloid protein(Aβ) and loss of neurons within the brain are the pathologic hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Apoptosis is a crucial pathway in neuronal loss in AD. Tanshinone IIA (tanIIA) is one of ingredients of tanshinone which is the major component of the traditional Chinese herb Danshen. The present study explores the effects(More)
There is growing recognition that white matter pathology is a common feature in Alzheimer's disease. We have previously reported that the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) induces apoptosis in oligodendrocytes (OLG), via activation of neutral sphingomyelinase (nSMase) and resultant generation of ceramide. In the current study, we report that both Abeta and(More)
Methylprednisolone (MP), a synthetic glucocorticoid agonist, is widely used for the clinical therapy of white matter diseases in the nervous system, such as spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis. In addition to its potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, we recently discovered a selective antiapoptotic effect of MP on oligodendrocytes via(More)