Learn More
Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is localized to the glomerular epithelial cells. Since ACE2 promotes the degradation of angiotensin II, a decrease in ACE2 activity could lead to the development of glomerular injury. We gave a specific ACE2 inhibitor, MLN-4760, for 4 weeks to mice rendered diabetic with streptozotocin. The urinary albumin/creatinine(More)
ACE-related carboxypeptidase (ACE2) may counterbalance the angiotensin (ANG) II-promoting effects of ACE in tissues where both enzymes are found. Alterations in renal ACE and ACE2 expression have been described in experimental models of diabetes, but ACE2 activity was not assessed in previous studies. We developed a microplate-based fluorometric method for(More)
Metabolic alkalosis is a common feature of hypokalemic hypertensive syndromes associated with angiotensin II excess. The alkalosis-generating effect of angiotensin II is usually ascribed to its stimulatory effect on aldosterone secretion, a hormone that upregulates collecting duct hydrogen ion secretion. We studied the effect of angiotensin II infusions on(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) expression has been shown to be altered in renal tubules from diabetic mice. This study examined the localization of ACE and ACE2 within the glomerulus of kidneys from control (db/m) and diabetic (db/db) mice and the effect of chronic pharmacologic ACE2 inhibition. ACE2 co-localized with glomerular epithelial cell(More)
Unlike the ubiquitous angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), the ACE-related carboxypeptidase 2 (ACE 2) is predominantly expressed in the heart, kidney, and testis. ACE 2 degrades angiotensin (Ang) II to Ang (1-7) and Ang I to Ang (1-9). We investigated the expression of ACE and ACE 2 in a rodent model of type 2 diabetes. ACE and ACE 2 were measured in kidney(More)
Angiotensin (Ang)-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) cleaves Ang II to form Ang-(1-7). Here we examined whether soluble human recombinant ACE2 (rACE2) can efficiently lower Ang II and increase Ang-(1-7) and whether rACE2 can prevent hypertension caused by Ang II infusion as a result of systemic versus local mechanisms of ACE2 activity amplification. rACE2 was(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) degrades angiotensin II to angiotensin-(1-7) and is expressed in podocytes. Here we overexpressed ACE2 in podocytes in experimental diabetic nephropathy using transgenic methods where a nephrin promoter drove the expression of human ACE2. Glomeruli from these mice had significantly increased mRNA, protein, and activity(More)
BACKGROUND The renin-angiotensin system is a complex regulatory hormonal network with a main biological peptide and therapeutic target, angiotensin (Ang) II (1-8). There are other potentially important Ang peptides that have not been well evaluated. METHODS Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was used for concurrent evaluation of(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a monocarboxypeptidase that degrades angiotensin II with high efficiency leading to the formation of angiotensin-(1-7). ACE2 within the kidneys is largely localized in tubular epithelial cells and in glomerular epithelial cells. Decreased glomerular expression of this enzyme coupled with increased expression of ACE(More)
Angiotensin (Ang)-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a key enzyme in the metabolism of Ang II. XNT (1-[(2-dimethylamino)ethylamino]-4-(hydroxymethyl)-7-[(4-methylphenyl) sulfonyl oxy]-9H-xanthene-9-one) and diminazene have been reported to exert various organ-protective effects, which are attributed to the activation of ACE2. To test the effect of these(More)