Jan Willem Leeuwis

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Injury to the podocytes is the initiating cause of many renal diseases, leading to proteinuria with possible progression to end-stage renal disease. Podocytes are highly specialized cells, with an important role in maintaining the glomerular filtration barrier and producing growth factors for both mesangial cells and endothelial cells. With their foot(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by decreased expression of bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) and decreased podocyte number and differentiation. Extracellular antagonists such as connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; CCN-2) and sclerostin domain-containing-1 (SOSTDC1; USAG-1) are important determinants of BMP signaling activity in glomeruli. We(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) suppresses inflammatory genes in renal proximal tubular cells and regulates iron metabolism by inducing hepcidin. In diabetic patients, an increase of myofibroblast progenitor cells (MFPCs), also known as fibrocytes, was found to be associated with decreased BMP-6 expression. We hypothesized that loss of endogenous BMP-6(More)
BACKGROUND Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF/CCN2) is an important mediator of kidney fibrosis. Previous observations indicated that attenuation of CCN2 expression sufficed to alleviate early kidney damage. However, little is known about the role of CCN2 in fibrosis of severely damaged and more chronically injured kidneys. Therefore, we examined the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Carotid plaques remodel toward a more stable phenotype after stroke, but not after TIA. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is involved in extracellular matrix production and is expressed in atherosclerotic plaques. We studied the role of CTGF in plaque remodeling after stroke and TIA. METHODS Atherosclerotic plaques from carotid(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) is a key determinant of renal response to injury, exhibiting strong protective as well as regenerative potential in a variety of experimental models. In vitro, beneficial effects of stimulation with BMP7 and other BMPs have been observed in many renal cell types. Still, it remains poorly understood which cells in the(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; CCN2) plays a role in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Urinary CTGF (uCTGF) is elevated in DN patients and has been proposed as a biomarker for disease progression, but it is unknown which pathophysiological factors contribute to elevated uCTGF. We studied renal handling of CTGF by infusion of recombinant(More)
The endoderm plays an inductive role in the formation of cardiomyocytes in many vertebrates. Here, we provide further evidence for this in the mouse and demonstrate enhanced cardiomyogenesis in mouse embryonic stem cells cultured in the presence of native visceral endoderm. Isolated mesoderm from late-primitive streak stage mouse embryos that still have an(More)
Rupture of a splenic artery aneurysm is a rare event associated with high mortality rates. Aneurysm of the splenic artery associated with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is even rarer, with only 3 previously reported cases. We report a patient with previously undiagnosed FMD who required emergent intervention because of a ruptured splenic aneurysm. In(More)