Jan Willem Leeuwis

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Injury to the podocytes is the initiating cause of many renal diseases, leading to proteinuria with possible progression to end-stage renal disease. Podocytes are highly specialized cells, with an important role in maintaining the glomerular filtration barrier and producing growth factors for both mesangial cells and endothelial cells. With their foot(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) suppresses inflammatory genes in renal proximal tubular cells and regulates iron metabolism by inducing hepcidin. In diabetic patients, an increase of myofibroblast progenitor cells (MFPCs), also known as fibrocytes, was found to be associated with decreased BMP-6 expression. We hypothesized that loss of endogenous BMP-6(More)
The endoderm plays an inductive role in the formation of cardiomyocytes in many vertebrates. Here, we provide further evidence for this in the mouse and demonstrate enhanced cardiomyogenesis in mouse embryonic stem cells cultured in the presence of native visceral endoderm. Isolated mesoderm from late-primitive streak stage mouse embryos that still have an(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Unilateral intracranial focal nonprogressive arteriopathy is often found in children with arterial ischemic stroke. We aimed to investigate the course of unilateral intracranial arteriopathy in young adults. METHODS We searched the Utrecht Stroke Database for patients between 16 and 50 years of age diagnosed with anterior(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by decreased expression of bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) and decreased podocyte number and differentiation. Extracellular antagonists such as connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; CCN-2) and sclerostin domain-containing-1 (SOSTDC1; USAG-1) are important determinants of BMP signaling activity in glomeruli. We(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; CCN2) plays a role in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Urinary CTGF (uCTGF) is elevated in DN patients and has been proposed as a biomarker for disease progression, but it is unknown which pathophysiological factors contribute to elevated uCTGF. We studied renal handling of CTGF by infusion of recombinant(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) is a key determinant of renal response to injury, exhibiting strong protective as well as regenerative potential in a variety of experimental models. In vitro, beneficial effects of stimulation with BMP7 and other BMPs have been observed in many renal cell types. Still, it remains poorly understood which cells in the(More)
BACKGROUND Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF/CCN2) is an important mediator of kidney fibrosis. Previous observations indicated that attenuation of CCN2 expression sufficed to alleviate early kidney damage. However, little is known about the role of CCN2 in fibrosis of severely damaged and more chronically injured kidneys. Therefore, we examined the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Carotid plaques remodel toward a more stable phenotype after stroke, but not after TIA. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is involved in extracellular matrix production and is expressed in atherosclerotic plaques. We studied the role of CTGF in plaque remodeling after stroke and TIA. METHODS Atherosclerotic plaques from carotid(More)