Jan Wijnholds

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The human multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) family currently has seven members. The ability of several of these membrane proteins to transport a wide range of anticancer drugs out of cells and their presence in many tumors make them prime suspects in unexplained cases of drug resistance, although proof that they contribute to clinical drug(More)
Prostaglandins are involved in a wide variety of physiological and pathophysiological processes, but the mechanism of prostaglandin release from cells is not completely understood. Although poorly membrane permeable, prostaglandins are believed to exit cells by passive diffusion. We have investigated the interaction between prostaglandins and members of the(More)
Photoreceptor ribbon synapses release glutamate in response to graded changes in membrane potential evoked by vast, logarithmically scalable light intensities. Neurotransmitter release is modulated by intracellular calcium levels. Large Ca(2+)-dependent chloride currents are important regulators of synaptic transmission from photoreceptors to second-order(More)
The human multidrug resistance proteins MRP4 and MRP5 are organic anion transporters that have the unusual ability to transport cyclic nucleotides and some nucleoside monophosphate analogs. Base and nucleoside analogs used in the chemotherapy of cancer and viral infections are potential substrates. To assess the possible contribution of MRP4 and MRP5 to(More)
The human multidrug resistance protein (MRP) family contains at least six members: MRP1, the godfather of the family and well known as the multidrug resistance protein, and five homologs, called MRP2-6. In this review, we summarize what is known about the protein structure, the expression in tissues, the routing in cells, the physiological functions, the(More)
Mouse fibroblast cell lines lacking functional Mdr1a, Mdr1b, and Mrp1 genes were selected for resistance to topotecan, mitoxantrone, or doxorubicin. Each of the resulting drug-resistant lines showed marked gene amplification of Bcrp1, the mouse homologue of the human ATP-binding cassette transporter gene BCRP/MXR/ABCP, and greatly elevated expression of(More)
Two prominent members of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily of transmembrane proteins, multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1), can mediate the cellular extrusion of xenobiotics and (anticancer) drugs from normal and tumor cells. The MRP subfamily consists of at least six members, and here we report the(More)
Multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) is a transporter protein that helps to protect normal cells and tumor cells against the influx of certain xenobiotics. We previously showed that Mrp1 protects against cytotoxic drugs at the testis-blood barrier, the oral epithelium, and the kidney urinary collecting duct tubules. Here, we generated Mrp1/Mdr1a/Mdr1b(More)
The multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) mediates the cellular excretion of many drugs, glutathione S-conjugates (GS-X) of lipophilic xenobiotics and endogenous cysteinyl leukotrienes. Increased MRP levels in tumor cells can cause multidrug resistance (MDR) by decreasing the intracellular drug concentration. The physiological role or roles of MRP(More)
Mercaptopurines have been used as anticancer agents for more than 40 years, and most acute lymphoblastic leukemias are treated with 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) or 6-thioguanine (TG). Overexpression of the two related multidrug resistance proteins MRP4 and MRP5 has been shown to confer some resistance against mercaptopurines, which has been attributed to(More)