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Previous work from this laboratory has shown that the cytosine-containing T4 deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) made by deoxycytidine triphosphatase (dCTPase) amber mutants is extensively degraded, and that nucleases controlled by genes 46 and 47 participate in this process. In this paper, we examine other consequences of a defective dCTPase. Included are studies(More)
3Wood, H. G., and R. Stjernholm, these PROCEEDINGS, 47, 289 (1961). 4Stjernholm, R., and H. G. Wood, Fed. Proc., 20, 235 (1961). 5 Beck, W. S., and S. Ochoa, J. Biol. Chem., 232, 931 (1958). 6 Smith, R. M., and K. J. Monty, Biochem. Biophys. Research Commun., 1, 105 (1959); Stadtman, E. R., P. Overath, H. Eggerer, and F. Lynen, Biochem. Biophys. Research(More)
Since September 2005 our patients with acute endoprosthetic infection are treated, next to the normal wound debridement, with a full automatic vacuum drain system (V.A.C. instill system). This therapy unit entail a three step program. Based on the well known vacuum therapy, the new system contains an additional fluid drain and affecting period with an(More)
The DNA molecules from T7 bacteriophage and a recently obtained mutant form of T4D were studied. The DNA of this T4 mutant contains cytosine in place of all of the glucosylated hydroxymethylcytosines normally present in T4. Molecular weights were measured with an electron microscope technique, and sedimentation coefficients were determined in isokinetic(More)
Lethal, amber mutations in T4 genes 46 and 47 cause incomplete degradation of host DNA, premature arrest of phage DNA synthesis, accumulation of abnormal DNA replication intermediates, and defective recombination. These phenotypes can be explained by the hypothesis that genes 46 and 47 control a DNA exonuclease, but in vitro demonstration of such a nuclease(More)
Mutants of bacteriophage T4D that are defective in genes 42 (dCMP hydroxymethylase), 46 (DNA exonuclease), and 56 (dCTPase) produce limited amounts of phage DNA in Escherichia coli B. In this DNA, glucoylated 5-hydroxymethylcytosine is completely replaced by cytosine. We found that this DNA rapidly becomes fragmented in vivo to at least 16 discrete bands as(More)
Production of bacteriophages T2, T4, and T6 at 42.8 to 44 degrees C was increased from 8- to 260-fold by adapting the Escherichia coli host (grown at 30 degrees C) to growth at the high temperature for 8 min before infection; this increase was abolished if the host htpR (rpoH) gene was inactive. Others have shown that the htpR protein increases or activates(More)
Wild-type bacteriophage T4 was enriched for mutants which fail to degrade Escherichia coli deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) by the following method. E. coli B was labeled in DNA at high specific activity with tritiated thymidine ((3)H-dT) and infected at low multiplicity with unmutagenized T4D. At 25 min after infection, the culture was lysed and stored.(More)